Models of inflammation: Carrageenan- or unit 5.4 complete freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced edema and hypersensitivity in the rat

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Animal models of inflammation are used to assess the production of inflammatory mediators at sites of inflammation, the anti-inflammatory properties of agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and the efficacy of putative analgesic compounds in reversing cutaneous hypersensitivity. This unit details methods to elicit and measure carrageenan- and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced cutaneous inflammation. Due to possible differences between the dorsal root sensory system and the trigeminal sensory system, injections of either the footpad or vibrissal pad are described. In this manner, cutaneous inflammation can be assessed in tissue innervated by the lumbar dorsal root ganglion neurons (footpad) and by the trigeminal ganglion neurons (vibrissal pad).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5.4
JournalCurrent Protocols in Pharmacology
Issue numberSUPPL.56
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012



  • Carrageenan
  • Complete Freund's adjuvant
  • Edema
  • Inflammation
  • Nociception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Medicine(all)

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