Molecular basis of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and ARF1 GTPase recognition by the FAPP1 Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain

Ju He, Jordan L. Scott, Annie Heroux, Siddhartha Roy, Marc Lenoir, Michael Overduin, Robert Stahelin, Tatiana G. Kutateladze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Four-phosphate-adaptor protein 1 (FAPP1) regulates secretory transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the plasma membrane. FAPP1 is recruited to the Golgi through binding of its pleckstrin homology (PH) domain to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) and a small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1). Despite the critical role of FAPP1 in membrane trafficking, the molecular basis of its dual function remains unclear. Here, we report a 1.9A? resolution crystal structure of the FAPP1 PH domain and detail the molecular mechanisms of the PtdIns(4)P and ARF1 recognition. The FAPP1 PH domain folds into a seven-stranded β-barrel capped by an α-helix at one edge, whereas the opposite edge is flanked by three loops and the β4 and β7 strands that form a lipid-binding pocket within the β-barrel. The ARF1-binding site is located on the outer side of the β-barrel as determined by NMR resonance perturbation analysis, mutagenesis, and measurements of binding affinities. The two binding sites have little overlap, allowing FAPP1 PH to associate with both ligands simultaneously and independently. Binding to PtdIns(4)P is enhanced in an acidic environment and is required for membrane penetration and tubulation activity of FAPP1, whereas the GTP-bound conformation of the GTPase is necessary for the interaction with ARF1. Together, these findings provide structural and biochemical insight into the multivalent membrane anchoring by the PH domain that may augment affinity and selectivity of FAPP1 toward the TGN membranes enriched in both PtdIns(4)P and GTP-bound ARF1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18650-18657
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2011

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ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Phosphates
Proteins
Membranes
trans-Golgi Network
Guanosine Triphosphate
Binding Sites
Mutagenesis
Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins
phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate
platelet protein P47
Pleckstrin Homology Domains
Cell membranes
Conformations
Crystal structure
Cell Membrane
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Ligands
Lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Molecular basis of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and ARF1 GTPase recognition by the FAPP1 Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain. / He, Ju; Scott, Jordan L.; Heroux, Annie; Roy, Siddhartha; Lenoir, Marc; Overduin, Michael; Stahelin, Robert; Kutateladze, Tatiana G.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 286, No. 21, 27.05.2011, p. 18650-18657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

He, Ju ; Scott, Jordan L. ; Heroux, Annie ; Roy, Siddhartha ; Lenoir, Marc ; Overduin, Michael ; Stahelin, Robert ; Kutateladze, Tatiana G. / Molecular basis of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and ARF1 GTPase recognition by the FAPP1 Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 286, No. 21. pp. 18650-18657.
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AB - Four-phosphate-adaptor protein 1 (FAPP1) regulates secretory transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the plasma membrane. FAPP1 is recruited to the Golgi through binding of its pleckstrin homology (PH) domain to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) and a small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1). Despite the critical role of FAPP1 in membrane trafficking, the molecular basis of its dual function remains unclear. Here, we report a 1.9A? resolution crystal structure of the FAPP1 PH domain and detail the molecular mechanisms of the PtdIns(4)P and ARF1 recognition. The FAPP1 PH domain folds into a seven-stranded β-barrel capped by an α-helix at one edge, whereas the opposite edge is flanked by three loops and the β4 and β7 strands that form a lipid-binding pocket within the β-barrel. The ARF1-binding site is located on the outer side of the β-barrel as determined by NMR resonance perturbation analysis, mutagenesis, and measurements of binding affinities. The two binding sites have little overlap, allowing FAPP1 PH to associate with both ligands simultaneously and independently. Binding to PtdIns(4)P is enhanced in an acidic environment and is required for membrane penetration and tubulation activity of FAPP1, whereas the GTP-bound conformation of the GTPase is necessary for the interaction with ARF1. Together, these findings provide structural and biochemical insight into the multivalent membrane anchoring by the PH domain that may augment affinity and selectivity of FAPP1 toward the TGN membranes enriched in both PtdIns(4)P and GTP-bound ARF1.

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