Molecular, endoscopic, histologic, and circulating biomarker-based diagnosis of eosinophilic gastritis: Multi-site study

Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers (CEGIR)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) is a clinicopathologic disorder with marked gastric eosinophilia and clinical symptoms. There is an unmet need among patients with EG for more precise diagnostic tools. Objective: We aimed to develop tissue- and blood-based diagnostic platforms for EG. Methods: Patients with EG and control subjects without EG were enrolled across 9 Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers–associated sites. An EG Diagnostic Panel (EGDP; gastric transcript subset) and EG blood biomarker panel (protein multiplex array) were analyzed. EGDP18 scores were derived from the expression of 18 highly dysregulated genes, and blood EG scores were derived from dysregulated cytokine/chemokine levels. Results: Gastric biopsy specimens and blood samples from 185 subjects (patients with EG, n = 74; control subjects without EG, n = 111) were analyzed. The EGDP (1) identified patients with active EG (P <.0001, area under the curve ≥ 0.95), (2) effectively monitored disease activity in longitudinal samples (P =.0078), (3) highly correlated in same-patient samples (antrum vs body, r = 0.85, P <.0001), and (4) inversely correlated with gastric peak eosinophil levels (r = −0.83, P <.0001), periglandular circumferential collars (r = −0.73, P <.0001), and endoscopic nodularity (r = −0.45, P <.0001). For blood-based platforms, eotaxin-3, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine, IL-5, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin levels were significantly increased. Blood EG scores (1) distinguished patients with EG from control subjects without EG (P <.0001, area under the curve ≥ 0.91), (2) correlated with gastric eosinophil levels (plasma: r = 0.72, P =.0002; serum: r = 0.54, P =.0015), and (3) inversely correlated with EGDP18 scores (plasma: r = −0.64, P =.0015; serum: r = −0.46, P =.0084). Plasma eotaxin-3 levels strongly associated with gastric CCL26 expression (r = 0.81, P <.0001). Conclusion: We developed tissue- and blood-based platforms for assessment of EG and uncovered robust associations between specific gastric molecular profiles and histologic and endoscopic features, providing insight and clinical readiness tools for this emerging rare disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-269
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • diagnostic panel
  • eosinophil
  • eosinophilic gastritis
  • transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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