The autoimmune B cell repertoire in anti-tubular basement membrane (αTBM) disease is focused on the nephritogenic P1 domain of the 3M-1 target Ag in kidney and normally expresses a disease-modifying cross-reactive Id (IdX). The molecular structure of this Id was determined from a library of rat mAb αTBM/α3M-1 by using anchor polymerase chain reactions. Our findings provide the first alignment of V region sequences for rat IgG and reveal that specificity for the P1 domain among α3M-1 antibodies is derived from several recurring germ-line V(H) genes which have not undergone somatic mutation. The IdX in this repertoire localizes to the H chain on Western blot, and to the CDR3 region as deduced from the cDNA encoding several informative clones. Computer modeling of the Id reveals a conformational structure largely dependent on hydroxyl groups in or near turn position 4 of the H chain CDR3 region. These findings demonstrate that regulatory elements protective of autoimmunity are not encoded in the germ line as IdX, but rather emerge from a recombinatorial diversity engaged by the recognition of parenchymal self.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy