Monitoring of demineralized dentin microhardness throughout and after bleaching

Patricia Moreira De Freitas, Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, Anderson Takeo Hara, Mônica Campos Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of six bleaching agents: Nite White [NW] 10% and 22% Excel 2Z (Discus Dental), Rembrandt (REM) 10% and 22% (DenMat), Opalescence (OPA) 10% and 20% (Ultradent) and a placebo agent on demineralized dentin microhardness at different time intervals. Methods: 105 human dentin slabs (3×3 mm) were embedded, planed and submitted to cariogenic challenges, composed of de- and remineralization cycles. For 42 days, specimens were exposed to bleaching agents, consisting of applying them daily for 8 hours, removing and storing the specimens in artificial saliva for 16 hours. At the end of the bleaching treatment, specimens were kept in artificial saliva for 14 days. Knoop Microhardness tests were performed on specimens' surface before (baseline), during (8 hours, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days) and after bleaching procedures (7 and 14 days). Results: The ANOVA for split-plot showed significant effect on the interaction between bleaching agent and time (α=0.05). Tukey's test revealed no significant differences on demineralized dentin microhardness exposed to bleaching agents until Day 7. Regression analyses demonstrated that NW 10% and 22% and OPA 10% and 20% increased dentin microhardness in different magnitudes, whereas REM 10% and 22% induced mineral loss during bleaching agent application, followed by microhardness recovery in the post-treatment period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-346
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Dentistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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