Monitoring quality of care for nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms related to dementia

Arif Nazir, Greg Arling, Anthony J. Perkins, Malaz Boustani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia are common in nursing home residents. Quality indicators (QI) assessing quality of care for these residents are minimally risk adjusted and can provide inaccurate information regarding the quality of care provided by the facility. Objective: Evaluate the performance of a new QI for the incidence of worsening behaviors in nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms association with dementia. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A total of 381 Minnesota nursing homes with 26,165 residents. Data Sources: Minimum Data Set records for the first 2 calendar quarters of 2008. Measurements: We calculated incidence of worsening behaviors QI by comparing items from the " behavior" section of the Minimum Data Set records from 2 consecutive quarters and reported the incidence rates by both the residents' level of cognitive impairment and the presence or absence of special care unit for dementia (SCU). Results: The incidence rates of the worsening behavior QI in SCU ranged from 14% in residents with very severe cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 6) to 30% in those with moderate cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 3). The incidence QI rates among residents residing in conventional unit ranged from 15% among those with very severe cognitive impairment to 20% among those with moderate cognitive impairment. These differences in QI rates between the 2 units were statistically significant with a P value =.001. After risk adjustment for level of cognitive impairment, number of facilities with SCUs that flagged for problem behaviors dropped from 18.4% to 12.4% and the number of conventional units in the low-risk category from 16.8% to 4.7%. Conclusion: Resident cognitive function and the facility utility of SCU are associated with worsening behavior QI and should be adjusted for in any nursing home quality reporting measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-667
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Behavioral Symptoms
Quality of Health Care
Nursing Homes
Dementia
Psychology
Incidence
Risk Adjustment
Information Storage and Retrieval
Cognition
Cognitive Dysfunction
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia
  • Nursing home
  • Quality indicators
  • Risk adjustments
  • Specialized care unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

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title = "Monitoring quality of care for nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms related to dementia",
abstract = "Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia are common in nursing home residents. Quality indicators (QI) assessing quality of care for these residents are minimally risk adjusted and can provide inaccurate information regarding the quality of care provided by the facility. Objective: Evaluate the performance of a new QI for the incidence of worsening behaviors in nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms association with dementia. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A total of 381 Minnesota nursing homes with 26,165 residents. Data Sources: Minimum Data Set records for the first 2 calendar quarters of 2008. Measurements: We calculated incidence of worsening behaviors QI by comparing items from the {"} behavior{"} section of the Minimum Data Set records from 2 consecutive quarters and reported the incidence rates by both the residents' level of cognitive impairment and the presence or absence of special care unit for dementia (SCU). Results: The incidence rates of the worsening behavior QI in SCU ranged from 14{\%} in residents with very severe cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 6) to 30{\%} in those with moderate cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 3). The incidence QI rates among residents residing in conventional unit ranged from 15{\%} among those with very severe cognitive impairment to 20{\%} among those with moderate cognitive impairment. These differences in QI rates between the 2 units were statistically significant with a P value =.001. After risk adjustment for level of cognitive impairment, number of facilities with SCUs that flagged for problem behaviors dropped from 18.4{\%} to 12.4{\%} and the number of conventional units in the low-risk category from 16.8{\%} to 4.7{\%}. Conclusion: Resident cognitive function and the facility utility of SCU are associated with worsening behavior QI and should be adjusted for in any nursing home quality reporting measure.",
keywords = "Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia, Nursing home, Quality indicators, Risk adjustments, Specialized care unit",
author = "Arif Nazir and Greg Arling and Perkins, {Anthony J.} and Malaz Boustani",
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N2 - Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia are common in nursing home residents. Quality indicators (QI) assessing quality of care for these residents are minimally risk adjusted and can provide inaccurate information regarding the quality of care provided by the facility. Objective: Evaluate the performance of a new QI for the incidence of worsening behaviors in nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms association with dementia. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A total of 381 Minnesota nursing homes with 26,165 residents. Data Sources: Minimum Data Set records for the first 2 calendar quarters of 2008. Measurements: We calculated incidence of worsening behaviors QI by comparing items from the " behavior" section of the Minimum Data Set records from 2 consecutive quarters and reported the incidence rates by both the residents' level of cognitive impairment and the presence or absence of special care unit for dementia (SCU). Results: The incidence rates of the worsening behavior QI in SCU ranged from 14% in residents with very severe cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 6) to 30% in those with moderate cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 3). The incidence QI rates among residents residing in conventional unit ranged from 15% among those with very severe cognitive impairment to 20% among those with moderate cognitive impairment. These differences in QI rates between the 2 units were statistically significant with a P value =.001. After risk adjustment for level of cognitive impairment, number of facilities with SCUs that flagged for problem behaviors dropped from 18.4% to 12.4% and the number of conventional units in the low-risk category from 16.8% to 4.7%. Conclusion: Resident cognitive function and the facility utility of SCU are associated with worsening behavior QI and should be adjusted for in any nursing home quality reporting measure.

AB - Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia are common in nursing home residents. Quality indicators (QI) assessing quality of care for these residents are minimally risk adjusted and can provide inaccurate information regarding the quality of care provided by the facility. Objective: Evaluate the performance of a new QI for the incidence of worsening behaviors in nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms association with dementia. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A total of 381 Minnesota nursing homes with 26,165 residents. Data Sources: Minimum Data Set records for the first 2 calendar quarters of 2008. Measurements: We calculated incidence of worsening behaviors QI by comparing items from the " behavior" section of the Minimum Data Set records from 2 consecutive quarters and reported the incidence rates by both the residents' level of cognitive impairment and the presence or absence of special care unit for dementia (SCU). Results: The incidence rates of the worsening behavior QI in SCU ranged from 14% in residents with very severe cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 6) to 30% in those with moderate cognitive impairment (a cognitive performance score = 3). The incidence QI rates among residents residing in conventional unit ranged from 15% among those with very severe cognitive impairment to 20% among those with moderate cognitive impairment. These differences in QI rates between the 2 units were statistically significant with a P value =.001. After risk adjustment for level of cognitive impairment, number of facilities with SCUs that flagged for problem behaviors dropped from 18.4% to 12.4% and the number of conventional units in the low-risk category from 16.8% to 4.7%. Conclusion: Resident cognitive function and the facility utility of SCU are associated with worsening behavior QI and should be adjusted for in any nursing home quality reporting measure.

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