Morphologic features of the hips, in particular those features germane to determination of acetabular and femoral anteversion angles and femoral head offset, were studied in 50 male and 50 female human skeletons with bilateral normal joints. Four distinct configurations were identified relative to the anterior acetabular ridge. The majority (121, 60.5%) were curved; 51 (25.5%) were angular; 19 (9.5%) were irregular; and nine (4.5%) were straight. The acetabular anteversion angle measured 19.9° ± 6.6° (range, 7°-42°) and was significantly larger in females (21.3° ± 7.1°) versus males (18.5° ± 5.8°). The notch acetabular angle, which can be identified easily intraoperatively, was defined as the angle created at the intersection of a line from the sciatic notch along the posterior acetabular ridge and a line from the posterior to the anterior acetabular wall. This angle is almost perpendicular (89.0° ± 3.5°) and, therefore, may provide an accurate estimate of acetabular anteversion during cup placement. Awareness of the anatomic differences between genders for acetabular anteversion angle, anterolateral bowing of the femur, and neck shaft angle may help reduce the relatively higher incidence of dislocation in females and may lead to different implant designs for male and female patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine