Morphological alterations induced by prostaglandins E1, F2α and A1 in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cell lines

N. Chegini, Ahmad Safa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monolayer cultures of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast tumor cell lines were treated with prostaglandins PGE1, PGF and PGA1 in a concentration range of 10-12-10-4 M and studied at ultrastructural level. Electron microscopic examinations of both cell lines revealed that PGE1, PGF and PGA1 induced morphological changes at concentrations above 10-8 M. In both the small and large MDA-MB-231 cells, deformation of mitochondrial cristae, increased density of mitochondrial matrix and accumulation of lysosomal-like vesicles were observed. In the nuclei morphological, modifications included, the presence of nuclear bodies, occasional nuclear inclusions, nucleolar budding and the disappearance of the nucleolar granular components. In MCF-7 cells, disorganization of mitochondrial cristae and an increase in their matrix density were also observed. At nuclear level, little or no morphological alterations were observed. The results also indicated that the plasma membranes of both cell lines were the most sensitive organelles to PGs action as in many cells their microvilli were either shortened and spherical in shape or absent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-197
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Letters
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dinoprost
Alprostadil
Breast Neoplasms
Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies
Cell Line
MCF-7 Cells
Microvilli
Tumor Cell Line
Organelles
Prostaglandins
Cell Membrane
Electrons
prostaglandin A1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Morphological alterations induced by prostaglandins E1, F2α and A1 in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cell lines. / Chegini, N.; Safa, Ahmad.

In: Cancer Letters, Vol. 37, No. 2, 30.10.1987, p. 189-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Monolayer cultures of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast tumor cell lines were treated with prostaglandins PGE1, PGF2α and PGA1 in a concentration range of 10-12-10-4 M and studied at ultrastructural level. Electron microscopic examinations of both cell lines revealed that PGE1, PGF2α and PGA1 induced morphological changes at concentrations above 10-8 M. In both the small and large MDA-MB-231 cells, deformation of mitochondrial cristae, increased density of mitochondrial matrix and accumulation of lysosomal-like vesicles were observed. In the nuclei morphological, modifications included, the presence of nuclear bodies, occasional nuclear inclusions, nucleolar budding and the disappearance of the nucleolar granular components. In MCF-7 cells, disorganization of mitochondrial cristae and an increase in their matrix density were also observed. At nuclear level, little or no morphological alterations were observed. The results also indicated that the plasma membranes of both cell lines were the most sensitive organelles to PGs action as in many cells their microvilli were either shortened and spherical in shape or absent.

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