Mortality after surviving traumatic brain injury: Risks based on age groups

Cynthia Harrison-Felix, Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner, Flora Hammond, Roberta Wang, Jeffrey Englander, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Scott E D Kreider, Thomas A. Novack, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess mortality, life expectancy, risk factors, and causes of death by age groups among persons who received inpatient traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The TBI Model Systems. PARTICIPANTS: 8573 individuals injured between 1988 and 2009, with survival status per December 31, 2009, determined. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Standardized mortality ratio, life expectancy, and cause of death. RESULTS: Moderate-severe TBI increases risk of mortality compared with the general population in all age groups, with the exception of those 85 years or older at the time of injury. Teenagers to middle-aged adults are at particular risk. Risk factors for death varied by age group and included gender, marital and employment status, year and cause of injury, and level of disability. External causes of death predominate in younger groups. For the youngest male participants in the sample, longevity was reduced up to 16 years. CONCLUSION: Risk factors and causes of death varied considerably by age group for individuals with moderate-severe TBI who were receiving acute care rehabilitation. Moderate-severe TBI is a chronic health condition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

Age Groups
Cause of Death
Mortality
Life Expectancy
Rehabilitation
Wounds and Injuries
Marital Status
Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Traumatic Brain Injury
Prospective Studies
Survival
Health
Population

Keywords

  • brain injury
  • chronic
  • epidemiology
  • life expectancy
  • mortality
  • rehabilitation
  • vital statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Harrison-Felix, C., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Hammond, F., Wang, R., Englander, J., Dams-O'Connor, K., ... Diaz-Arrastia, R. (2012). Mortality after surviving traumatic brain injury: Risks based on age groups. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 27(6). https://doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0b013e31827340ba

Mortality after surviving traumatic brain injury : Risks based on age groups. / Harrison-Felix, Cynthia; Kolakowsky-Hayner, Stephanie A.; Hammond, Flora; Wang, Roberta; Englander, Jeffrey; Dams-O'Connor, Kristen; Kreider, Scott E D; Novack, Thomas A.; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon.

In: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Vol. 27, No. 6, 11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harrison-Felix, C, Kolakowsky-Hayner, SA, Hammond, F, Wang, R, Englander, J, Dams-O'Connor, K, Kreider, SED, Novack, TA & Diaz-Arrastia, R 2012, 'Mortality after surviving traumatic brain injury: Risks based on age groups', Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 27, no. 6. https://doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0b013e31827340ba
Harrison-Felix, Cynthia ; Kolakowsky-Hayner, Stephanie A. ; Hammond, Flora ; Wang, Roberta ; Englander, Jeffrey ; Dams-O'Connor, Kristen ; Kreider, Scott E D ; Novack, Thomas A. ; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon. / Mortality after surviving traumatic brain injury : Risks based on age groups. In: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 6.
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