Mortality rates due to gynecologic cancers in New York state by demographic factors and proximity to a Gynecologic Oncology Group member treatment center: 1979-2001

Wei Tan, Frederick B. Stehman, Randy L. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe trends in mortality rates, in New York State, due to cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer and to assess how these rates varied with proximity to a comprehensive cancer treatment center or population density (rural/urban). Methods: Data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Compressed Mortality Files, Census Bureau records, and online maps. Poisson regression models were fitted to estimate death rates (mean number of deaths per 100,000 women per year) due to gynecologic cancer type. Trends in death rates were compared with respect to driving time to the nearest comprehensive cancer treatment center and population density, controlling for race, county income level, and age at death. Results: Cervical and endometrial but not ovarian death rates declined over time. For both cervical and endometrial cancers, death rates varied significantly with driving time and between rural and urban counties. In the case of cervical cancer, the decline over time was steeper in rural than in urban counties. For endometrial cancer, the decline steepened with increasing distance from a treatment center. Conclusion: Improvements in cervical and endometrial cancer mortality from 1979 to 2001 followed increases in gynecologic cancer treatment research efforts, number of specialists trained to treat such cases, and in the emphasis on gynecologic cancer in the training of physicians in general. Our results are consistent with an interpretation that the progressive actions by leaders in the gynecologic oncology profession during the late 1960's and early 1970's contributed to improvements in mortality rates in subsequent decades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-352
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

Keywords

  • Demographic factors
  • GOG
  • Gynecologic cancers
  • Mortality rates
  • SGO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Oncology

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