Motivating compliance: Juvenile probation officer strategies and skills

Katherine Schwartz, Andrew O. Alexander, Katherine S.L. Lau, Evan D. Holloway, Matthew C. Aalsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Juvenile probation officers aim to improve youth compliance with probation conditions, but questions remain about how officers motivate youth. The study’s purpose was to determine which officer-reported probation strategies (client-centered vs. confrontational) were associated with their use of evidence-based motivational interviewing skills. Officers (N = 221) from 18 Indiana counties demonstrated motivational interviewing skills by responding to scenarios depicting issues common to youth probationers. Results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that, while officer endorsement of client-centered strategies was not associated with differential use of motivational interviewing skills, officers endorsing confrontational strategies were less likely to demonstrate motivational interviewing skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-37
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Offender Rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017


  • Juvenile offenders
  • motivational interviewing
  • principles of effective intervention
  • probation practice
  • probationers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Law

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