In this review, we will summarize recent work from our laboratory on the role of gonadal steroids as neuroprotective agents in motoneuron viability following cell stress. Three motoneuron models will be discussed: developing axotomized hamster facial motoneurons (FMNs); adult axotomized mouse FMNs; and immortalized, cultured mouse spinal motoneurons subjected to heat shock. New work on two relevant motoneuron proteins, the survival of motor neuron protein, and neuritin or candidate plasticity-related gene 15, indicates differential steroid regulation of these two proteins after axotomy. The concept of gonadal steroids as cellular stress correction factors and the implications of this for acute neurological injury situations will be presented as well.
- Facial motoneurons
- Immortalized mouse spinal motoneurons
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience