Multiple myeloma among Blacks and Whites in the United States: Role of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages

Linda Morris Brown, Linda M. Pottern, Debra T. Silverman, Janet B. Schoenberg, Ann G. Schwartz, Raymond S. Greenberg, Richard B. Hayes, Jonathan M. Liff, G. Marie Swanson, Robert Hoover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the United States, the incidence rates of multiple myeloma in Blacks are more than twice those in Whites, but the etiology of this cancer is poorly understood. A population-based case-control interview study of 571 subjects (365 White, 206 Black) with multiple myeloma and 2,122 controls (1,155 White, 967 Black) living in three areas of the United States (Georgia, Michigan, New Jersey) offered the opportunity to investigate the relationship with smoking and alcohol drinking and to evaluate whether these factors might contribute to the excess risk of multiple myeloma in Blacks. For Blacks and Whites of either gender, there were no significantly elevated risks associated with ever use of cigarettes or alcoholic beverages and no consistent patterns with either intensity or duration of use. These data support previous studies indicating that smoking and drinking are not related causally to the risk of multiple myeloma, and thus cannot account for the racial disparity in incidence rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)610-614
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alcoholic Beverages
Multiple Myeloma
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Incidence
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking
Case-Control Studies
Interviews
hydroquinone
Population
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Esophagus
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Race
  • Smoking
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Brown, L. M., Pottern, L. M., Silverman, D. T., Schoenberg, J. B., Schwartz, A. G., Greenberg, R. S., ... Hoover, R. (1997). Multiple myeloma among Blacks and Whites in the United States: Role of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Cancer Causes and Control, 8(4), 610-614. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018498414298

Multiple myeloma among Blacks and Whites in the United States : Role of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. / Brown, Linda Morris; Pottern, Linda M.; Silverman, Debra T.; Schoenberg, Janet B.; Schwartz, Ann G.; Greenberg, Raymond S.; Hayes, Richard B.; Liff, Jonathan M.; Swanson, G. Marie; Hoover, Robert.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1997, p. 610-614.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, LM, Pottern, LM, Silverman, DT, Schoenberg, JB, Schwartz, AG, Greenberg, RS, Hayes, RB, Liff, JM, Swanson, GM & Hoover, R 1997, 'Multiple myeloma among Blacks and Whites in the United States: Role of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages', Cancer Causes and Control, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 610-614. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018498414298
Brown, Linda Morris ; Pottern, Linda M. ; Silverman, Debra T. ; Schoenberg, Janet B. ; Schwartz, Ann G. ; Greenberg, Raymond S. ; Hayes, Richard B. ; Liff, Jonathan M. ; Swanson, G. Marie ; Hoover, Robert. / Multiple myeloma among Blacks and Whites in the United States : Role of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. In: Cancer Causes and Control. 1997 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 610-614.
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