Multiple myeloma and family history of cancer among blacks and whites in the U.S.

Linda Morris Brown, Martha S. Linet, Raymond S. Greenberg, Debra T. Silverman, Richard B. Hayes, G. Marie Swanson, Ann G. Schwartz, Janet B. Schoenberg, Linda M. Pottern, Joseph F. Fraumeni

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    80 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND. In the U.S., the incidence rate of multiple myeloma is more than twice as high for blacks as for whites, but the etiology of this malignancy is not well understood. METHODS. A population-based case-control interview study of 565 subjects (361 white, 204 black) with multiple myeloma and 2104 controls (1150 white, 954 black) living in 3 areas of the U.S. offered the opportunity to explore whether family history of cancer contributes to the risk of multiple myeloma and explains the racial disparity in risk. RESULTS. For both races combined, the risk of multiple myeloma was significantly elevated for subjects who reported that a first-degree relative had multiple myeloma (odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-12.0). Increased risk was also associated with a family history of any hematolymphoproliferative (HLP) cancer (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0-2.8), especially in a sibling (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.1-4.5]. The risk associated with familial occurrence of HLP cancer was higher for blacks than for whites, but the difference between the ORs was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS. These data are consistent with previous studies that indicate a familial risk of multiple myeloma, but they explain little of the race- related difference in incidence rates.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2385-2390
    Number of pages6
    JournalCancer
    Volume85
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

    Fingerprint

    Multiple Myeloma
    Neoplasms
    Odds Ratio
    Confidence Intervals
    Incidence
    hydroquinone
    Case-Control Studies
    Siblings
    Interviews
    Population

    Keywords

    • Case-control studies
    • Familial cancer
    • Multiple myeloma
    • Race

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

    Cite this

    Brown, L. M., Linet, M. S., Greenberg, R. S., Silverman, D. T., Hayes, R. B., Swanson, G. M., ... Fraumeni, J. F. (1999). Multiple myeloma and family history of cancer among blacks and whites in the U.S. Cancer, 85(11), 2385-2390. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19990601)85:11<2385::AID-CNCR13>3.0.CO;2-A

    Multiple myeloma and family history of cancer among blacks and whites in the U.S. / Brown, Linda Morris; Linet, Martha S.; Greenberg, Raymond S.; Silverman, Debra T.; Hayes, Richard B.; Swanson, G. Marie; Schwartz, Ann G.; Schoenberg, Janet B.; Pottern, Linda M.; Fraumeni, Joseph F.

    In: Cancer, Vol. 85, No. 11, 01.06.1999, p. 2385-2390.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Brown, LM, Linet, MS, Greenberg, RS, Silverman, DT, Hayes, RB, Swanson, GM, Schwartz, AG, Schoenberg, JB, Pottern, LM & Fraumeni, JF 1999, 'Multiple myeloma and family history of cancer among blacks and whites in the U.S.', Cancer, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 2385-2390. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19990601)85:11<2385::AID-CNCR13>3.0.CO;2-A
    Brown, Linda Morris ; Linet, Martha S. ; Greenberg, Raymond S. ; Silverman, Debra T. ; Hayes, Richard B. ; Swanson, G. Marie ; Schwartz, Ann G. ; Schoenberg, Janet B. ; Pottern, Linda M. ; Fraumeni, Joseph F. / Multiple myeloma and family history of cancer among blacks and whites in the U.S. In: Cancer. 1999 ; Vol. 85, No. 11. pp. 2385-2390.
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    abstract = "BACKGROUND. In the U.S., the incidence rate of multiple myeloma is more than twice as high for blacks as for whites, but the etiology of this malignancy is not well understood. METHODS. A population-based case-control interview study of 565 subjects (361 white, 204 black) with multiple myeloma and 2104 controls (1150 white, 954 black) living in 3 areas of the U.S. offered the opportunity to explore whether family history of cancer contributes to the risk of multiple myeloma and explains the racial disparity in risk. RESULTS. For both races combined, the risk of multiple myeloma was significantly elevated for subjects who reported that a first-degree relative had multiple myeloma (odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-12.0). Increased risk was also associated with a family history of any hematolymphoproliferative (HLP) cancer (OR = 1.7, 95{\%} CI = 1.0-2.8), especially in a sibling (OR = 2.3, 95{\%} CI = 1.1-4.5]. The risk associated with familial occurrence of HLP cancer was higher for blacks than for whites, but the difference between the ORs was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS. These data are consistent with previous studies that indicate a familial risk of multiple myeloma, but they explain little of the race- related difference in incidence rates.",
    keywords = "Case-control studies, Familial cancer, Multiple myeloma, Race",
    author = "Brown, {Linda Morris} and Linet, {Martha S.} and Greenberg, {Raymond S.} and Silverman, {Debra T.} and Hayes, {Richard B.} and Swanson, {G. Marie} and Schwartz, {Ann G.} and Schoenberg, {Janet B.} and Pottern, {Linda M.} and Fraumeni, {Joseph F.}",
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    AU - Brown, Linda Morris

    AU - Linet, Martha S.

    AU - Greenberg, Raymond S.

    AU - Silverman, Debra T.

    AU - Hayes, Richard B.

    AU - Swanson, G. Marie

    AU - Schwartz, Ann G.

    AU - Schoenberg, Janet B.

    AU - Pottern, Linda M.

    AU - Fraumeni, Joseph F.

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    N2 - BACKGROUND. In the U.S., the incidence rate of multiple myeloma is more than twice as high for blacks as for whites, but the etiology of this malignancy is not well understood. METHODS. A population-based case-control interview study of 565 subjects (361 white, 204 black) with multiple myeloma and 2104 controls (1150 white, 954 black) living in 3 areas of the U.S. offered the opportunity to explore whether family history of cancer contributes to the risk of multiple myeloma and explains the racial disparity in risk. RESULTS. For both races combined, the risk of multiple myeloma was significantly elevated for subjects who reported that a first-degree relative had multiple myeloma (odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-12.0). Increased risk was also associated with a family history of any hematolymphoproliferative (HLP) cancer (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0-2.8), especially in a sibling (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.1-4.5]. The risk associated with familial occurrence of HLP cancer was higher for blacks than for whites, but the difference between the ORs was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS. These data are consistent with previous studies that indicate a familial risk of multiple myeloma, but they explain little of the race- related difference in incidence rates.

    AB - BACKGROUND. In the U.S., the incidence rate of multiple myeloma is more than twice as high for blacks as for whites, but the etiology of this malignancy is not well understood. METHODS. A population-based case-control interview study of 565 subjects (361 white, 204 black) with multiple myeloma and 2104 controls (1150 white, 954 black) living in 3 areas of the U.S. offered the opportunity to explore whether family history of cancer contributes to the risk of multiple myeloma and explains the racial disparity in risk. RESULTS. For both races combined, the risk of multiple myeloma was significantly elevated for subjects who reported that a first-degree relative had multiple myeloma (odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-12.0). Increased risk was also associated with a family history of any hematolymphoproliferative (HLP) cancer (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0-2.8), especially in a sibling (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.1-4.5]. The risk associated with familial occurrence of HLP cancer was higher for blacks than for whites, but the difference between the ORs was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS. These data are consistent with previous studies that indicate a familial risk of multiple myeloma, but they explain little of the race- related difference in incidence rates.

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    KW - Familial cancer

    KW - Multiple myeloma

    KW - Race

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