Multiprotein complex containing succinate dehydrogenase confers mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel activity

Hossein Ardehali, Zhenhui Chen, Young Ko, Rafael Mejía-Alvarez, Eduardo Marbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoKATP) channel plays a central role in protection of cardiac and neuronal cells against ischemia and apoptosis, but its molecular structure is unknown. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) is inhibited by mitoKATP activators, fueling the contrary view that SDH, rather than mitoKATP, is the target of cardioprotective drugs. Here, we report that SDH forms part of mitoK ATP functionally and structurally. Four mitochondrial proteins [mitochondrial ATP-binding cassette protein 1 (mABC1), phosphate carrier, adenine nucleotide translocator, and ATP synthase] associate with SDH. A purified IM fraction containing these proteins was reconstituted into proteoliposomes and lipid bilayers and shown to confer mitoKATP channel activity. This channel activity is sensitive not only to mitoK ATP activators and blockers but also to SDH inhibitors. These results reconcile the controversy over the basis of ischemic preconditioning by demonstrating that SDH is a component of mitoKATP as part of a macromolecular super-complex. The findings also provide a tangible clue as to the structural basis of mitoKATP channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11880-11885
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Multiprotein Complexes
Succinate Dehydrogenase
Adenosine Triphosphate
Phosphate Transport Proteins
Macromolecular Substances
Ischemic Preconditioning
Adenine Nucleotides
mitochondrial K(ATP) channel
Mitochondrial Proteins
Lipid Bilayers
Molecular Structure
Carrier Proteins
Ischemia
Apoptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

Multiprotein complex containing succinate dehydrogenase confers mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel activity. / Ardehali, Hossein; Chen, Zhenhui; Ko, Young; Mejía-Alvarez, Rafael; Marbán, Eduardo.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 101, No. 32, 10.08.2004, p. 11880-11885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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