A method is given for analyzing a slope ratio assay in which a test drug is compared with a standard drug, two or more response variates being measured on each subject at each of several successively increased drug doses. The method requires all subjects to receive the same number of doses, all subjects on the same drug to receive the same doses, the ratio of corresponding doses of the two drugs to be constant over the successive increases, and response variables to be measured only once on each subject at each dose with no missing data allowed. The technique is also applicable when doses are randomly assigned, provided there is no carry-over effect between doses. For each of the J response variates, the relative potency of the test drug with respect to the standard is defined and estimated in the usual way; a 100(1-alpha)% confidence region is then obtained for the vector of the J relative potencies. A procedure is given for testing the equality of some or all of the J relative potencies; an estimator of a common relative potency is obtained by a standard multivariate least squares method. A common relative potency is of interest because the multiple outcome variables are often different indicators of a general physiologic response. The procedures in the paper are illustrated by a simple example concerning the effects of two anesthetics on children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Applied Mathematics