Munc18c depletion selectively impairs the sustained phase of insulin release

Eunjin Oh, Debbie C. Thurmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE-The Sec1/Munc18 protein Munc18c has been implicated in Syntaxin 4-mediated exocytosis events, although its purpose in exocytosis has remained elusive. Given that Syntaxin 4 functions in the second phase of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), we hypothesized that Munc18c would also be required and sought insight into the possible mecha- nism(s) using the islet β-cell as a model system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Perifusion analyses of isolated Munc18c- (-/+) or Munc18c-depleted (RNAi) mouse islets were used to assess biphasic secretion. Protein interaction studies used subcellular fractions and detergent lysates prepared from MIN6 β-cells to determine the mechanistic role of Munc18c in Syntaxin 4 activation and docking/ fusion of vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)2- containing insulin granules. Electron microscopy was used to gauge changes in granule localization. RESULTS-Munc18c (-/+) islets secreted ∼60% less insulin selectively during second-phase GSIS; RNAi-mediated Munc18c depletion functionally recapitulated this in wild-type and Munc18c (- /+) islets in a gene dosage-dependent manner. Munc18c depletion ablated the glucose-stimulated VAMP2-Syn- taxin 4 association as well as Syntaxin 4 activation, correlating with the deficit in insulin release. Remarkably, Munc18c depletion resulted in aberrant granule localization to the plasma membrane in response to glucose stimulation, consistent with its selective effect on the second phase of secretion. CONCLUSIONS-Collectively, these studies demonstrate an essential positive role for Munc18c in second-phase GSIS and suggest novel roles for Munc18c in granule localization to the plasma membrane as well as in triggering Syntaxin 4 accessibility to VAMP2 at a step preceding vesicle docking/fusion. Diabetes 58:1165-1174, 2009

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1174
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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