Effects of G-protein toxins on Steel factor (SLF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) stimulated proliferation of human factor-dependent cell line, M07e, were evaluated. Pertussis toxin pretreatment suppressed GM-CSF- or Steel factor-induced proliferation by 54±8%; however, proliferation induced by the combination of GM-CSF plus Steel factor was suppressed to a much lesser extent (14±8%). Pretreatment of M07e cells with cholera toxin, suppressed GM-CSF- and GM-CSF plus Steel factor-stimulated proliferation by 57 ± 6% and 79%, respectively, but increased the proliferative response to Steel factor alone by twofold. Similar effects of pertussis toxin and cholera toxin were observed on proliferation of normal myeloid progenitor cells from human umbilical cord blood. Pertussis toxin treatment of M07e cells for 4 h resulted in the ADP-ribosylation of 40-42 kDa protein band but did not significantly increase cyclic AMP levels. Cholera toxin pretreatment was associated with a 10-fold increase in intracellular cyclic AMP levels. These results implicate pertussis toxin sensitive pathways for both GM-CSF and Steel factor, but suggest that these pathways may not be required for synergistic proliferation stimulated by the combination. In addition, proliferation stimulated by GM-CSF, ± Steel factor, is sensitive to cholera toxin pretreatment; whereas cholera toxin pretreatment enhanced proliferation stimulated by Steel factor, possibly via increased cyclic AMP. This suggests divergent signal transduction pathways for the two cytokines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas