Myogenic tone and reactivity of cerebral arteries in Type II diabetic BBZDR/Wor rat

Yagna P.R. Jarajapu, Dennis L. Guberski, Maria B. Grant, Harm J. Knot

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Abstract

BBZDR/Wor rat is a new model of type II diabetes with spontaneous obesity and clinical characteristics close to human diabetes. In this study the time-course of cerebroarterial dysfunction was characterized. Posterior cerebral arteries from BBZDR/Wor rats and their age-matched lean controls were pressurized to 70 mm Hg in an arteriograph. Effects of intraluminal pressure and different pharmacological agents on myogenic tone were evaluated. Pressure-myogenic tone curves in diabetic arteries were similar to that in non-diabetic arteries at pre-diabetic age, showed leftward shift at 4 weeks and were significantly different with higher myogenic tone at 5 and 8 months of diabetes. Age-dependent decrease in myogenic tone was observed in non-diabetic arteries. Dilation to histamine was similar to that in non-diabetic arteries at pre-diabetic and at 4 weeks but significantly reduced at 5 and 8 months of diabetes. Bradykinin-mediated dilation was significantly reduced in early and chronic diabetes, whereas (±)-S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP)-mediated dilation was decreased modestly at 8 months of diabetes. Sensitivity and constriction to 5-hydroxytryptamine were increased in early and chronic diabetes. Responses to bradykinin and 5-hydroxytryptamine were decreased and increased, respectively. Myogenic tone was significantly less sensitive to (lower pIC50) U-73122 than normal arteries at 4 weeks and 8 months of diabetes suggesting an increased activation of phospholipase C (PLC). This study shows that pressure-mediated autoregulation of cerebral arteries in type II diabetes operates at higher resistance. Endothelium-dependent dilation was decreased with chronic diabetes with increased sensitivity to constrictor agonist. Endothelium-independent dilation was modestly affected. Arterial hyper-reactivity to pressure and constrictor agonist were likely due to increased PLC activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-307
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume579
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2008

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Keywords

  • BBZDR/Wor rat
  • Cerebral arteries
  • Myogenic tone
  • Type II diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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