National trends of adnexal surgeries at the time of hysterectomy for benign indication, United States, 1998-2011

Emad Mikhail, Jason L. Salemi, Mulubrhan F. Mogos, Stuart Hart, Hamisu M. Salihu, Anthony N. Imudia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Objective We sought to investigate the most recent national trends of bilateral salpingectomy (BS) and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) at the time of hysterectomy performed for benign indications. Study Design We conducted a national cross-sectional analysis of all inpatient discharges for women aged ≥18 years who underwent a hysterectomy for benign indications from 1998 through 2011 using the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient database in the United States. We scanned International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for an indication of specific bilateral adnexal surgeries, including BSO and BS. Joinpoint regression was used to characterize and estimate 14-year national trends in performing BSO and BS at the time of hysterectomy for benign indications, overall and in population subgroups. Results During the study period, there were approximately 428,523 inpatient hysterectomy procedures performed annually for benign indications. Of these, >53% had no adnexal surgery performed during the same hospitalization, whereas 43.7% and 1.3% of those discharges had BSO and BS procedures, respectively. The rate of BSO was directly correlated with increasing age for patients <65 years. Conversely, we observed an inverse relationship between BS and patient age, with the BS rate among women aged <25 years twice that of women aged ≥45 years. From 1998 through 2001, there was a 2.2% increase in the rate of BSO per year (95% confidence interval, 0.4-4.0); however, this was followed by a consistent 3.6% (95% confidence interval, -4.0 to -3.3) annual decline in the BSO rate, from 49.7% in 2001 to 33.4% in 2011. National rates of BS among women undergoing hysterectomy for benign indications increased significantly throughout the study period, with an estimated 8% annual increase from 1998 through 2008, followed by a sharp 24% increase annually during the last 4 years of the study period. The BS rate nearly quadrupled in 14 years. Conclusion The type of adnexal surgery performed concomitantly with hysterectomy for benign indications has undergone a significant shift since 2001. Significantly more BS and less BSO procedures are being performed among gynecologic surgeons in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713.e1-713.e13
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2015


  • United States
  • adnexal surgery
  • benign indication
  • hysterectomy
  • trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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