Needs and Concerns of Family Caregivers of American Indians, African Americans, and Caucasians With Type 2 Diabetes

Lisa J. Scarton, Tamilyn Bakas, G. Doug Poe, Margie A. Hull, Loice A. Ongwela, Wendy Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness affecting the entire family, scant literature exists in this area. This study’s purpose was to identify needs of family caregivers of persons with type 2 diabetes across cultures. Using a semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions, a convenience sample of 33 family caregivers of American Indians (n = 14), African Americans (n = 11), and Caucasians (n = 8) with type 2 diabetes were interviewed by telephone. Qualitative content analysis was conducted based on five pre-determined categories derived from an existing conceptual model. Results were similar across groups and provided support for the conceptual model with themes emerging within the five pre-determined categories: (a) information about type 2 diabetes, (b) managing emotions and behaviors, (c) physical care, (d) instrumental care, and (e) personal responses to caregiving. No additional themes emerged. Although small and exploratory, findings provide information that may be useful to the future development of culturally based interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-156
Number of pages18
JournalClinical Nursing Research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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North American Indians
African Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Caregivers
Telephone
Emotions
Chronic Disease
Interviews

Keywords

  • cultures
  • family caregiver
  • needs
  • qualitative research
  • type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Needs and Concerns of Family Caregivers of American Indians, African Americans, and Caucasians With Type 2 Diabetes. / Scarton, Lisa J.; Bakas, Tamilyn; Poe, G. Doug; Hull, Margie A.; Ongwela, Loice A.; Miller, Wendy.

In: Clinical Nursing Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 139-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scarton, Lisa J. ; Bakas, Tamilyn ; Poe, G. Doug ; Hull, Margie A. ; Ongwela, Loice A. ; Miller, Wendy. / Needs and Concerns of Family Caregivers of American Indians, African Americans, and Caucasians With Type 2 Diabetes. In: Clinical Nursing Research. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 139-156.
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