The purposes of this review were to identify the needs and concerns of family caregivers of persons with type 2 diabetes and to develop recommendations for future research on family caregivers of American Indians with type 2 diabetes. Searching the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, Ovid, and PubMed, an extensive literature review was conducted using 10 search terms for articles published from 1990 to 2013. References of retrieved studies were also searched. On the basis of the search criteria, 6 studies exploring the needs and concerns of family caregivers of persons with type 2 diabetes were identified. Findings were placed in 5 predetermined categories derived from Bakas et al's needs and concerns framework: (1) finding information and resources related to type 2 diabetes, (2) dealing with the emotions and behaviors of the care recipient, (3) providing physical care, (4) providing instrumental care, and (5) dealing with one's own personal responses to caregiving. The cross-cultural literature helped identify common ground and specific literature about the experiences of American Indian caregivers. Further research is needed on the needs of caregivers of persons with type 2 diabetes, particularly those in the Native American and other minority populations. Findings can be used to develop interventions to improve outcomes for these caregivers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)