We report a nephroblastoma arising in a germ cell tumor of testicular origin occurring in a 22-year-old man. Orchiectomy demonstrated a malignant mixed germ cell tumor composed of mature and immature teratoma with nephroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma. Following chemotherapy, the patient developed supraclavicular and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. Excision demonstrated metastatic teratoma at both sites. No recurrence was noted with 21 months of additional follow-up. Using tissue microdissection and loss of heterozygosity analysis, we investigated the clonality of the mature teratoma, immature teratoma, nephroblastoma, and rhabdomyosarcoma components of the primary tumor and of the metastatic mature teratoma at the two separate distant sites. Nine microsatellite polymorphic makers were used to examine the pattern of allelic loss in both primary and metastatic tumors. Loss of heterozygosity was found in 4 DNA loci, and the same pattern of allelic loss was demonstrated at all 4 loci in all of the different components of the primary tumor and the metastatic mature teratomas, supporting the germ cell tumor origin of the nephroblastoma component. Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 17p13 (TP53) was detected in metastatic mature teratoma, but not in the primary tumor. Loss of heterozygosity was observed at 11p13, the locus of WT1 inactivation in patients genetically predisposed to nephroblastoma, and this loss may be an important genetic mechanism in nephroblastomatous differentiation of germ cell tumors. These data support a common clonal origin for nephroblastoma and the other germ cell tumor components.
- Germ cell tumors
- Loss of heterozygosity
- Wilms' tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine