Neurocognitive domains affected by cerebral malaria and severe malarial anemia in children

Paul Bangirana, Robert O. Opoka, Michael J. Boivin, Richard Idro, James S. Hodges, Chandy C. John

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed the effects of cerebral malaria (CM) and severe malarial anemia (SMA) on individual neurocognitive domains. Eighty children with CM, 86 with SMA, and 61 community children (CC) were assessed for gross motor skills, fine motor skills, visual reception, receptive language, and expressive language a week after discharge (CM or SMA) or at enrolment (CC), and 6 and 12 months later. At 12-months follow-up, children with CM had significantly lower scores than CC for all outcomes. Children with SMA had significantly lower scores than CC for visual reception, receptive language, and expressive language, and scores that were lower but did not reach significance for gross and fine motor skills. Children with CM had significantly lower scores than children with SMA for fine motor skills. Children with SMA and CM have long-term impairment in multiple neurocognitive domains. Fine motor skills may be affected more profoundly in CM than SMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral malaria
  • Neurocognitive deficits
  • Severe malarial anemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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