Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling

R. Chambers, Marc N. Potenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

190 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of problem and pathological gambling in adolescence and young adulthood has been found to be two- to fourfold higher than in adulthood. Given that these high rates might predict future increases across all age groups, it is important to explore the causes of the elevated rates of problem and pathological gambling among youths. This article reviews evidence for a neurobiological basis for adolescent vulnerability to problem and pathological gambling behaviors. We propose that a common trait motif of impulsivity might underlie phenomenology of pathological gambling, commonly comorbid psychiatric disorders, and related aspects of adolescent behavior. Recent advances in understanding the brain mechanisms involved in motivation, reward, and decision-making allow a discussion of neural circuitry underlying impulsivity. Emerging data indicate that important neurodevelopmental events during adolescence occur in brain regions associated with motivation and impulsive behavior. We hypothesize that immaturity of frontal cortical and subcortical monoaminergic systems during normal neurodevelopment underlies adolescent impulsivity as a transitional trait-behavior. While these neurodevelopmental processes may confer advantage by promoting a learning drive for optimal adaptation to adult roles, they may also confer an increased vulnerability to addictive behaviors such as problem and pathological gambling. An exploration of the developmental changes in neural circuitry involved in impulse control has significant implications for understanding adolescent behaviors and treating problem and pathological gambling among youths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-84
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gambling
Impulsive Behavior
gambling
adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
adulthood
adolescence
Motivation
brain
vulnerability
Addictive Behavior
Brain
phenomenology
Reward
Psychiatry
reward
age group
Decision Making
Age Groups
Learning

Keywords

  • Dopamine
  • Neural networks
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling. / Chambers, R.; Potenza, Marc N.

In: Journal of Gambling Studies, Vol. 19, No. 1, 03.2003, p. 53-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chambers, R. ; Potenza, Marc N. / Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling. In: Journal of Gambling Studies. 2003 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 53-84.
@article{5e5a590490b04cfe9136b61317b91e12,
title = "Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling",
abstract = "The prevalence of problem and pathological gambling in adolescence and young adulthood has been found to be two- to fourfold higher than in adulthood. Given that these high rates might predict future increases across all age groups, it is important to explore the causes of the elevated rates of problem and pathological gambling among youths. This article reviews evidence for a neurobiological basis for adolescent vulnerability to problem and pathological gambling behaviors. We propose that a common trait motif of impulsivity might underlie phenomenology of pathological gambling, commonly comorbid psychiatric disorders, and related aspects of adolescent behavior. Recent advances in understanding the brain mechanisms involved in motivation, reward, and decision-making allow a discussion of neural circuitry underlying impulsivity. Emerging data indicate that important neurodevelopmental events during adolescence occur in brain regions associated with motivation and impulsive behavior. We hypothesize that immaturity of frontal cortical and subcortical monoaminergic systems during normal neurodevelopment underlies adolescent impulsivity as a transitional trait-behavior. While these neurodevelopmental processes may confer advantage by promoting a learning drive for optimal adaptation to adult roles, they may also confer an increased vulnerability to addictive behaviors such as problem and pathological gambling. An exploration of the developmental changes in neural circuitry involved in impulse control has significant implications for understanding adolescent behaviors and treating problem and pathological gambling among youths.",
keywords = "Dopamine, Neural networks, Neurodevelopment, Prefrontal cortex, Serotonin",
author = "R. Chambers and Potenza, {Marc N.}",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1023/A:1021275130071",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "53--84",
journal = "Journal of Gambling Behavior",
issn = "0742-0714",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neurodevelopment, impulsivity, and adolescent gambling

AU - Chambers, R.

AU - Potenza, Marc N.

PY - 2003/3

Y1 - 2003/3

N2 - The prevalence of problem and pathological gambling in adolescence and young adulthood has been found to be two- to fourfold higher than in adulthood. Given that these high rates might predict future increases across all age groups, it is important to explore the causes of the elevated rates of problem and pathological gambling among youths. This article reviews evidence for a neurobiological basis for adolescent vulnerability to problem and pathological gambling behaviors. We propose that a common trait motif of impulsivity might underlie phenomenology of pathological gambling, commonly comorbid psychiatric disorders, and related aspects of adolescent behavior. Recent advances in understanding the brain mechanisms involved in motivation, reward, and decision-making allow a discussion of neural circuitry underlying impulsivity. Emerging data indicate that important neurodevelopmental events during adolescence occur in brain regions associated with motivation and impulsive behavior. We hypothesize that immaturity of frontal cortical and subcortical monoaminergic systems during normal neurodevelopment underlies adolescent impulsivity as a transitional trait-behavior. While these neurodevelopmental processes may confer advantage by promoting a learning drive for optimal adaptation to adult roles, they may also confer an increased vulnerability to addictive behaviors such as problem and pathological gambling. An exploration of the developmental changes in neural circuitry involved in impulse control has significant implications for understanding adolescent behaviors and treating problem and pathological gambling among youths.

AB - The prevalence of problem and pathological gambling in adolescence and young adulthood has been found to be two- to fourfold higher than in adulthood. Given that these high rates might predict future increases across all age groups, it is important to explore the causes of the elevated rates of problem and pathological gambling among youths. This article reviews evidence for a neurobiological basis for adolescent vulnerability to problem and pathological gambling behaviors. We propose that a common trait motif of impulsivity might underlie phenomenology of pathological gambling, commonly comorbid psychiatric disorders, and related aspects of adolescent behavior. Recent advances in understanding the brain mechanisms involved in motivation, reward, and decision-making allow a discussion of neural circuitry underlying impulsivity. Emerging data indicate that important neurodevelopmental events during adolescence occur in brain regions associated with motivation and impulsive behavior. We hypothesize that immaturity of frontal cortical and subcortical monoaminergic systems during normal neurodevelopment underlies adolescent impulsivity as a transitional trait-behavior. While these neurodevelopmental processes may confer advantage by promoting a learning drive for optimal adaptation to adult roles, they may also confer an increased vulnerability to addictive behaviors such as problem and pathological gambling. An exploration of the developmental changes in neural circuitry involved in impulse control has significant implications for understanding adolescent behaviors and treating problem and pathological gambling among youths.

KW - Dopamine

KW - Neural networks

KW - Neurodevelopment

KW - Prefrontal cortex

KW - Serotonin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037364641&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037364641&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1021275130071

DO - 10.1023/A:1021275130071

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 53

EP - 84

JO - Journal of Gambling Behavior

JF - Journal of Gambling Behavior

SN - 0742-0714

IS - 1

ER -