Neurodevelopment in Young Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers: A Meta-analysis

Megan McHenry, Carole I. McAteer, Eren Oyungu, Brenna McDonald, Chris B. Bosma, Philani B. Mpofu, Andrew R. Deathe, Rachel Vreeman

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Abstract

CONTEXT: HIV-infected (HIV+) children have worse neurodevelopmental outcomes compared with HIV-uninfected children. However, little is known regarding the differences in neurodevelopment between young HIV+ children, HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children, and HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyze data on neurodevelopmental performance between young HIV+, HEU, and HUU children. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Education Resources Information Center, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were selected on the basis of defined inclusion criteria. Titles, abstracts, and full texts were assessed by 2 independent reviewers. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted by 2 independent reviewers and cross-checked by 2 additional reviewers. RESULTS: Forty-five studies were identified for inclusion in the systematic review, and of these, 11 were included in the meta-analysis on the basis of availability of Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development scores. Within the meta-analysis, when compared with their HUU peers, HIV+ and HEU children had lower cognitive and motor scores. HIV+ and HEU children with antiretroviral (ARV) exposure had lower cognitive and motor scores compared with those without ARV exposure. LIMITATIONS: We were unable to control adequately for intravenous drug use, geographic location, or quality of the assessment independently. CONCLUSIONS: Both HIV+ and HEU children had worse developmental outcomes compared with HUU children. HIV+ and HEU children with ARV exposure also had worse developmental outcomes compared with those without exposure; however, these results should be interpreted with caution. More research is needed to identify the impact of ARV exposure on young children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20172888
JournalPediatrics
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

McHenry, M., McAteer, C. I., Oyungu, E., McDonald, B., Bosma, C. B., Mpofu, P. B., Deathe, A. R., & Vreeman, R. (2018). Neurodevelopment in Young Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 141(2), [e20172888]. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-2888