Neuropsychological impairment in borderline personality disorder

Elena S. Monarch, Andrew Saykin, Laura A. Flashman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of accumulating evidence from neurological, neuroimaging, neuropsychological, and, more recently, developmental studies, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is not considered routinely a neurocognitive disorder. A review of the neuropsychological literature shows that the preponderance of BPD studies failed to examine a broad range of cognitive domains and, in particular, have not adequately evaluated attention. Nevertheless, most neuropsychological studies suggest that these patients' cognitive skills are compromised. The authors administered a neuropsychological battery designed to evaluate nine cognitive domains in twelve female inpatients diagnosed with BPD. Relative to a healthy normative group, inpatients with BPD were impaired in seven cognitive domains, with attention-vigilance and verbal learning and memory most pronounced. Neuropsychological performance was significantly related to degree of psychopathology. The authors recommend that clinicians routinely screen BPD patients for cognitive dysfunction and highlight the roles that this important knowledge can have in treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-82
Number of pages16
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Borderline Personality Disorder
Inpatients
Verbal Learning
Psychopathology
Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Neuropsychological impairment in borderline personality disorder. / Monarch, Elena S.; Saykin, Andrew; Flashman, Laura A.

In: Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 27, No. 1, 03.2004, p. 67-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Monarch, Elena S. ; Saykin, Andrew ; Flashman, Laura A. / Neuropsychological impairment in borderline personality disorder. In: Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2004 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 67-82.
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