By autoradiography, neurotensin (NT) binding is specifically detectable in pancreatic cancer, but not in the normal pancreas, chronic pancreatitis (CP), or other pancreatic disorders. In the present study, we investigated whether this is due to NT receptor-1 (NTR-1) mRNA up-regulation and whether NTR-1 mRNA could also be used as a specific diagnostic marker and treatment target in pancreatic cancer. Fifteen normal pancreas tissue samples, 20 CP samples, and 30 pancreatic cancer samples were studied. Expression and localization of NTR-1 mRNA was investigated by Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. Furthermore, consecutive tissue sections were analyzed for NTR-1 mRNA expression and NT binding. By Northern blot analysis, NTR-1 mRNA expression was 4.4-fold (P < 0.01) and 3.0-fold (P < 0.01) higher in pancreatic cancer and CP tissue samples, respectively, compared with normal controls. There was no difference in NTR-1 mRNA levels between CP and cancer samples (P > 0.05). In pancreatic cancer, the NTR-1 mRNA levels were higher in advanced tumor stage (stages III and IV) than early tumor stage (stages I and II; P < 0.05), but no difference was found between well/moderately differentiated (grades 1 and 2) and poorly differentiated/undifferentiated cancers (grades 3 and 4; P > 0.05). By in situ hybridization, NTR-1 mRNA signals were weakly present in the cytoplasm of acinar and ductal cells of the normal pancreas. Moderate to intense NTR-1 mRNA signals were present in the cytoplasm of acinar cells dedifferentiating into tubular complexes and degenerating acinar cells of CP samples. In the cancer samples, NTR-1 mRNA was moderately to intensely expressed in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. When on consecutive tissue sections NTR-1 mRNA expression was compared with the presence of NTR-1, measured by receptor autoradiography, a correlation was found in carcinomas but not in CP samples, in which no receptors were detectable by autoradiography. The enhanced expression of NTR-1 mRNA in pancreatic cancer cells further suggests that neuroendocrine hormones might modulate pancreas cancer cell behavior. However, its relatively high levels in CP excludes NTR-1 mRNA as a specific parameter for pancreatic cancer and for the differentiation of pancreatic cancer from CP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research