We have shown that implantation of human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells in the prostates of nude mice led to the formation of prostate tumors with metastases to para-aortic lymph nodes. We found that day 6 prostate tumors were responsive to systemic injections of interleukin 2 (IL-2) therapy. We have now investigated the combination of primary tumor irradiation and IL-2 for metastatic prostate cancer in this preclinical tumor model. The effect of neutron radiation was compared with that of photon radiation. Advanced prostate tumors (∼0.4 cm) were irradiated, and a day later, mice were treated with systemic IL-2 for three weekly cycles. In separate experiments, mice were either sacrificed on day 30 to assess prostate tumor size and tumor histology or followed for survival. A dose-dependent inhibition of prostate tumor growth was caused either by photons or neutrons, but neutrons were more effective than photons with a relative biological effectiveness of 2. The tumor inhibition obtained with 250 cGy neutrons and 500 cGy photons was significant (>75%) and was further increased (≥90%) by addition of IL-2 therapy. In survival studies, the combination of radiation and IL-2 showed a significant survival advantage compared with untreated mice (P ≤ 0.005) or radiation alone (P ≤ 0.003) and an increase in median survival compared with IL-2 alone. Histologically, the combined regimen resulted in a greater degree of tumor destruction, inflammatory response, and vascular damage than that observed with each modality alone. After this combined treatment, no tumor was histologically detected in the para-aortic lymph nodes of these mice, and the lymph nodes were significantly smaller. These findings showed that primary tumor irradiation, either with neutrons or photons, enhanced IL-2 therapeutic effect for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. This combined modality induced an antitumor response that controlled the growth of prostate tumors and their metastases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Feb 12 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research