Coronary flow reserve (CFR) is an important index of coronary microcirculatory function. The objective of this study was to validate the reproducibility and accuracy of intravascular conductance catheter-based method for measurements of baseline and hyperemic coronary flow velocity (and hence CFR). The absolute coronary blood velocity was determined by measuring the time of transit of a saline injection between two pairs of electrodes (known distance) on a conductance catheter during a routine saline injection without the need for reference flow. In vitro validation was made in the velocity range of 5 to 70 cm/s in reference to the volume collection method. In 10 swine, velocity measurements were compared with those from a flow probe in coronary arteries at different CFR attained by micro sphere embolization. In vitro, the mean difference between the proposed method and volume collection was 0.7 ± 1.34 cm/s for steady flow and -0.77 ± 2.22 cm/s for pulsatile flow. The mean difference between duplicate measurements was 0 ± 1.4cm/s. In in vivo experiments, the flow (product of velocity and lumen cross-sectional area that is also measured by the conductance catheter) was determined in both normal and stenotic vessels and the mean difference between the proposed method and flow probe was -1 ± 12ml/min (flow ranged from 10 to 130 ml/min). For CFR, the mean difference between the two methods was 0.06 ± 0.28 (range of 1 to3). Our results demonstrate the reproducibility and accuracy of velocity and CFR measurements with a conductance catheter by use of a standard saline injection. The ability of the combined measurement of coronary lumen area (as previously validated) and current velocity and CFR measurements provides an integrative diagnostic tool for interventional cardiology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine