Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Latinos

Sammy Saab, Vignan Manne, Jose Nieto, Jeffrey B. Schwimmer, Naga P. Chalasani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a serious public health concern that affects almost one third of the US population. The prevalence of NAFLD varies among ethnic/racial groups, with the Latin American population being affected disproportionately. The severity of NAFLD also may be greater in the Latino population. The increased prevalence and severity of NAFLD in Latino Americans likely is related to the interplay between issues such as genetic factors, access to health care, or the prevalence of chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome or diabetes. In this review, we summarize the current literature on the prevalence and risk factors of NAFLD that are seen to be more common in the Latino population in the United States. Finally, we discuss available treatment options, medical and surgical, that are available for NAFLD and how they affect the Latino population. Health care providers need to address modifiable risk factors that impact the natural history as well as treatment outcomes for NAFLD among Latinos. Additional efforts are needed to improve awareness and health care utilization for Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Fatty Liver Disease
  • Latinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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