Immunocompromised hosts have defects in their immune system that make them at risk of developing a variety of infections. In addition, these persons may develop a wide variety of noninfectious disease processes that involve the lung. These disorders may be caused by the underlying disease process. This may be seen with the development of metastatic disease from the underlying neoplasm, or it may represent the development of a malignancy secondary to therapy, as is seen with posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease. The abnormalities may be a result of the therapy used to treat the patients, as is seen with radiation injury to the lung and drug toxicity. Pulmonary edema may occur and be from a wide variety of causes. All of these disease processes may simulate an infectious process and must be differentiated from infection to allow proper therapeutic intervention.
- Immunocompromised patient
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine