Nosocomial mumps

Report of an outbreak and its control

Philip R. Fischer, Connie Brunetti, Vicki Welch, John Christenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mumps is a relatively uncommon disease in the United States, and nosocomial transmission of mumps is rare. Methods: When a recently arrived Mexican immigrant became ill with mumps in a pediatric hospital in the United States, control measures and careful secondary case surveillance were instituted. Outbreak control included isolation of the patient with symptoms, seclusion of patients potentially incubating mumps virus, and immunization of susceptible patients and health care workers. Results: A 3- year-old patient showed symptoms of mumps 18 days after onset of illness in the index patient. Two employees, a physical therapist and a nurse, became ill with mumps 20 and 28 days alter the onset of illness in the index patient. No other hospital or community cases of mumps were identified. Conclusions: Outbreak control measures were incompletely successful in stopping the spread of mumps. Preadmission immunization of all patients and mumps-specific screening and vaccination of hospital employees might be indicated in such a situation, but such measures are neither easy nor inexpensive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Mumps
Disease Outbreaks
Immunization
Mumps virus
Patient Isolation
State Hospitals
Pediatric Hospitals
Physical Therapists
Patient Care
Vaccination
Nurses
Delivery of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Nosocomial mumps : Report of an outbreak and its control. / Fischer, Philip R.; Brunetti, Connie; Welch, Vicki; Christenson, John.

In: American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1996, p. 13-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fischer, Philip R. ; Brunetti, Connie ; Welch, Vicki ; Christenson, John. / Nosocomial mumps : Report of an outbreak and its control. In: American Journal of Infection Control. 1996 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 13-18.
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