A significant portion of the key biological functions of αKlotho (αKL) and its cognate ligand Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) have been revealed through the study of rare diseases of mineral metabolism. These findings have far reaching implications for common disorders such as chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD). αKL's predominant effect on mineral homeostasis is through its actions in the kidney as a co-receptor for FGF23, however emerging data has shed light on its capacity to act as a circulating factor through the cleavage of the transmembrane form of αKL (‘mKL’) to produce ‘cleaved KL’ or ‘cKL’. This review summarizes new findings from studies using extended delivery of cKL to mouse models with phenotypes reflecting those arising in CKD-MBD.
- Vascular calcification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism