Novel nonmatrix-metalloproteinase-mediated collagen degradation

F. Song, L. J. Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors have long been believed to play a major role in the collagen loss seen in destructive temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. This project was originally designed to examine the expression of MMPs and the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) by diseased human TMJ synovial fibroblasts and to determine their ability to degrade Type I collagen. Reverse transcriptase-PCR indicated that these TMJ synovial fibroblasts expressed mRNA for multiple MMPs and TIMPs. The collagen degradation assay showed that these TMJ synovial fibroblasts at passage 3 to 8 were capable of digesting the collagen underneath them on collagen-coated plates. This degradation was inhibited by GM6001, a synthetic MMP inhibitor. During passage 8 to 13, these TMJ fibroblasts were able to digest all the collagen in the wells. This degradation was completely inhibited by combining GM6001 and soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI), a serine proteinase inhibitor. The collagen cleavage activity of collected conditioned media was dramatically inhibited by STI but not by 1,10-phenanthroline, an MMP inhibitor. The data suggest that these TMJ cells utilize a MMP-dependent pathway and a novel MMP-independent pathway to digest Type I collagen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jan 19 2005


  • Collagen degradation
  • Destructive temporomandibular joint disorder
  • Fibroblast
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Serine proteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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