Novel phenotype of 5p13.3-q11.2 duplication resulting from supernumerary marker chromosome 5: Implications for management and genetic counseling

Margaret E. Armstrong, David D. Weaver, Melissa D. Lah, Gail H. Vance, Benjamin J. Landis, Stephanie M. Ware, Benjamin M. Helm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Supernumerary marker chromosomes derived from chromosome 5 (SMC5) and 5p13 duplication syndrome are rare disorders, and phenotypic descriptions of patients are necessary to better define genotype-phenotype correlations for accurate, comprehensive genetic counseling. The purpose of this study is to highlight the unique findings of a patient with a 5p13.3-q11.2 duplication arising from a SMC5 and compare and contrast the phenotype with cases in the literature. Case presentation: We report on an adult male with a 22 Mb duplication of chromosome 5p13.3-q11.2 resulting from a small SMC5. The patient has a history of prenatal polyhydramnios, dysmorphic features, respiratory issues, talipes equinovarus, hypotonia, developmental delay, and autistic features. The patient also has novel features of aortic dilation, pectus excavatum, kyphoscoliosis, and skin striae, suggestive of a connective tissue disorder. Despite these features he did not meet clinical diagnostic criteria for a well-characterized connective tissue disorder. Additional molecular genetic testing for syndromic and non-syndromic aortic aneurysms was negative. Conclusions: Many of the patient's features are consistent with individuals reported with 5p13 duplication syndrome and similar cases of SMC5, including polyhydramnios, macrocephaly, dolichocephaly, pre-auricular pits, arachnodactyly, respiratory problems, and developmental delays. It is unclear if the patient's unique features of aortic dilation, pectus excavatum, kyphoscoliosis, and skin striae could be novel features of the SMC5 given its rarity and the few well-phenotyped adults in the literature. This report reviews the literature and provides additional phenotypic information to define the genotype-phenotype correlation of SMC5 and 5p13 duplication syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23
JournalMolecular Cytogenetics
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2018

Keywords

  • 5p13 duplication
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Chromosome 5
  • Genotype-phenotype correlation
  • Supernumerary marker chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry, medical

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