Nurse-Enhanced Computerized Cognitive Training Increases Serum Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor Levels and Improves Working Memory in Heart Failure

Susan J. Pressler, Marita Titler, Todd M. Koelling, Penny L. Riley, Miyeon Jung, Lisa Hoyland-Domenico, David L. Ronis, Dean G. Smith, Barry E. Bleske, Susan G. Dorsey, Bruno Giordani

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Memory loss is common in heart failure (HF) patients, but few interventions have been tested to treat it. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy of a cognitive training intervention, Brain Fitness, to improve memory, serum brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) levels, working memory, processing speed, executive function, instrumental activities of daily living, mobility, depressive symptoms, and health-related quality of life. Methods and Results Twenty-seven HF patients were randomly assigned to Brain Fitness and health education active control interventions. Data were collected at baseline and 8 and 12 weeks. Linear mixed models analyses were completed. Patients in the Brain Fitness group were older with lower ejection fraction. At 12 weeks, a group by time interaction effect was found for serum BDNF levels (P =.011): serum BDNF levels increased among patients who completed Brain Fitness and decreased among patients who completed health education. No differences were found in memory, but a group by time interaction (P =.046) effect was found for working memory. Conclusions Findings support efficacy of Brain Fitness in improving working memory and serum BDNF levels as a biomarker of intervention response. A randomized controlled study is needed among a larger more diverse group of HF patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)630-641
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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Keywords

  • BDNF
  • Memory loss
  • computerized cognitive training
  • health-related quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Pressler, S. J., Titler, M., Koelling, T. M., Riley, P. L., Jung, M., Hoyland-Domenico, L., Ronis, D. L., Smith, D. G., Bleske, B. E., Dorsey, S. G., & Giordani, B. (2015). Nurse-Enhanced Computerized Cognitive Training Increases Serum Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor Levels and Improves Working Memory in Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 21(8), 630-641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.05.004