Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction

Sharina D. Person, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Michael T. Weaver, O. Dale Williams, Robert M. Centor, Norman W. Weissman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Recent hospital reductions in registered nurses (RNs) for hospital care raise concerns about patient outcomes. Objective: Assess the association of nurse staffing with in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Design, Setting, and Patients. Medical record review data from the 1994-1995 Cooperative Cardiovascular Project were linked with American Hospital Association data for 118,940 fee-for-service Medicare patients hospitalized with AMI. Staffing levels were represented as nurse to patient ratios categorized into quartiles for RNs and for licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Main Outcome Measures. In-hospital mortality. Results: From highest to lowest quartile of RN staffing, in-hospital mortality was 17.8%, 17.4%, 18.5%, and 20.1%, respectively (P <0.001 for trend). However, from highest to lowest quartile of LPN staffing, mortality was 20.1%, 18.7%, 17.9%, and 17.2%, respectively P <0.001). After adjustment for patient demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment, and for hospital volume, technology index, and teaching and urban status, patients treated in environments with higher RN staffing were less likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 0.91 (0.86-0.97), 0.94 (0.88-1.00), and 0.96 (0.90-1.02), respectively. Conversely, after adjustment, patients treated in environments with higher LPN staffing were more likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 1.07(1.00-1.15), 1.02(0.96-1.09), and 1.00 (0.94-1.07), respectively. Conclusions: Even after extensive adjustment, higher RN staffing levels were associated with lower mortality. Our findings suggest an important effect of nurse staffing on in-hospital mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Care
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

staffing
Medicare
nurse
mortality
Myocardial Infarction
Nurses
Mortality
Hospital Mortality
staffing level
Odds Ratio
American Hospital Association
Confidence Intervals
Fee-for-Service Plans
confidence
Medical Records
Teaching
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
fee
Technology

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Medicare
  • Mortality
  • Nurse staffing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Person, S. D., Allison, J. J., Kiefe, C. I., Weaver, M. T., Williams, O. D., Centor, R. M., & Weissman, N. W. (2004). Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medical Care, 42(1), 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0

Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. / Person, Sharina D.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Kiefe, Catarina I.; Weaver, Michael T.; Williams, O. Dale; Centor, Robert M.; Weissman, Norman W.

In: Medical Care, Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.2004, p. 4-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Person, SD, Allison, JJ, Kiefe, CI, Weaver, MT, Williams, OD, Centor, RM & Weissman, NW 2004, 'Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction', Medical Care, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0
Person SD, Allison JJ, Kiefe CI, Weaver MT, Williams OD, Centor RM et al. Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. Medical Care. 2004 Jan;42(1):4-12. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0
Person, Sharina D. ; Allison, Jeroan J. ; Kiefe, Catarina I. ; Weaver, Michael T. ; Williams, O. Dale ; Centor, Robert M. ; Weissman, Norman W. / Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. In: Medical Care. 2004 ; Vol. 42, No. 1. pp. 4-12.
@article{3c1956f8128f41da914236196b960c60,
title = "Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction",
abstract = "Context: Recent hospital reductions in registered nurses (RNs) for hospital care raise concerns about patient outcomes. Objective: Assess the association of nurse staffing with in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Design, Setting, and Patients. Medical record review data from the 1994-1995 Cooperative Cardiovascular Project were linked with American Hospital Association data for 118,940 fee-for-service Medicare patients hospitalized with AMI. Staffing levels were represented as nurse to patient ratios categorized into quartiles for RNs and for licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Main Outcome Measures. In-hospital mortality. Results: From highest to lowest quartile of RN staffing, in-hospital mortality was 17.8{\%}, 17.4{\%}, 18.5{\%}, and 20.1{\%}, respectively (P <0.001 for trend). However, from highest to lowest quartile of LPN staffing, mortality was 20.1{\%}, 18.7{\%}, 17.9{\%}, and 17.2{\%}, respectively P <0.001). After adjustment for patient demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment, and for hospital volume, technology index, and teaching and urban status, patients treated in environments with higher RN staffing were less likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95{\%} confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 0.91 (0.86-0.97), 0.94 (0.88-1.00), and 0.96 (0.90-1.02), respectively. Conversely, after adjustment, patients treated in environments with higher LPN staffing were more likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95{\%} confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 1.07(1.00-1.15), 1.02(0.96-1.09), and 1.00 (0.94-1.07), respectively. Conclusions: Even after extensive adjustment, higher RN staffing levels were associated with lower mortality. Our findings suggest an important effect of nurse staffing on in-hospital mortality.",
keywords = "Acute myocardial infarction, Medicare, Mortality, Nurse staffing",
author = "Person, {Sharina D.} and Allison, {Jeroan J.} and Kiefe, {Catarina I.} and Weaver, {Michael T.} and Williams, {O. Dale} and Centor, {Robert M.} and Weissman, {Norman W.}",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "4--12",
journal = "Medical Care",
issn = "0025-7079",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nurse staffing and mortality for medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction

AU - Person, Sharina D.

AU - Allison, Jeroan J.

AU - Kiefe, Catarina I.

AU - Weaver, Michael T.

AU - Williams, O. Dale

AU - Centor, Robert M.

AU - Weissman, Norman W.

PY - 2004/1

Y1 - 2004/1

N2 - Context: Recent hospital reductions in registered nurses (RNs) for hospital care raise concerns about patient outcomes. Objective: Assess the association of nurse staffing with in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Design, Setting, and Patients. Medical record review data from the 1994-1995 Cooperative Cardiovascular Project were linked with American Hospital Association data for 118,940 fee-for-service Medicare patients hospitalized with AMI. Staffing levels were represented as nurse to patient ratios categorized into quartiles for RNs and for licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Main Outcome Measures. In-hospital mortality. Results: From highest to lowest quartile of RN staffing, in-hospital mortality was 17.8%, 17.4%, 18.5%, and 20.1%, respectively (P <0.001 for trend). However, from highest to lowest quartile of LPN staffing, mortality was 20.1%, 18.7%, 17.9%, and 17.2%, respectively P <0.001). After adjustment for patient demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment, and for hospital volume, technology index, and teaching and urban status, patients treated in environments with higher RN staffing were less likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 0.91 (0.86-0.97), 0.94 (0.88-1.00), and 0.96 (0.90-1.02), respectively. Conversely, after adjustment, patients treated in environments with higher LPN staffing were more likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 1.07(1.00-1.15), 1.02(0.96-1.09), and 1.00 (0.94-1.07), respectively. Conclusions: Even after extensive adjustment, higher RN staffing levels were associated with lower mortality. Our findings suggest an important effect of nurse staffing on in-hospital mortality.

AB - Context: Recent hospital reductions in registered nurses (RNs) for hospital care raise concerns about patient outcomes. Objective: Assess the association of nurse staffing with in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Design, Setting, and Patients. Medical record review data from the 1994-1995 Cooperative Cardiovascular Project were linked with American Hospital Association data for 118,940 fee-for-service Medicare patients hospitalized with AMI. Staffing levels were represented as nurse to patient ratios categorized into quartiles for RNs and for licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Main Outcome Measures. In-hospital mortality. Results: From highest to lowest quartile of RN staffing, in-hospital mortality was 17.8%, 17.4%, 18.5%, and 20.1%, respectively (P <0.001 for trend). However, from highest to lowest quartile of LPN staffing, mortality was 20.1%, 18.7%, 17.9%, and 17.2%, respectively P <0.001). After adjustment for patient demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment, and for hospital volume, technology index, and teaching and urban status, patients treated in environments with higher RN staffing were less likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 0.91 (0.86-0.97), 0.94 (0.88-1.00), and 0.96 (0.90-1.02), respectively. Conversely, after adjustment, patients treated in environments with higher LPN staffing were more likely to die in-hospital; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of quartiles 4, 3, and 2 versus quartile 1 were 1.07(1.00-1.15), 1.02(0.96-1.09), and 1.00 (0.94-1.07), respectively. Conclusions: Even after extensive adjustment, higher RN staffing levels were associated with lower mortality. Our findings suggest an important effect of nurse staffing on in-hospital mortality.

KW - Acute myocardial infarction

KW - Medicare

KW - Mortality

KW - Nurse staffing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1242308932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1242308932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0

DO - 10.1097/01.mlr.0000102369.67404.b0

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 4

EP - 12

JO - Medical Care

JF - Medical Care

SN - 0025-7079

IS - 1

ER -