Nurses' Work-Related Stress in China: A Comparison Between Psychiatric and General Hospitals

Yun Ke Qi, Yu Tao Xiang, Feng Rong An, Jing Wang, Jiao Ying Zeng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Robin Newhouse, Doris S.F. Yu, Kelly Y.C. Lai, Yan Ming Ding, Liuyang Yu, Xiang Yang Zhang, Helen F.K. Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: Little is known about the level of work-related stress in nurses in China. This study compared the level of work-related stress between female nurses working in psychiatric and general hospitals in China. Design and Methods: A descriptive comparative cross-sectional design was used. A consecutive sample of nurses from two psychiatric hospitals (N = 297) and a medical unit (N = 408) of a general hospital completed a written survey including socio-demographic data and a measure of work-related stress (Nurse Stress Inventory). Findings: Compared to the nurses working in the general hospital, those working in the psychiatric setting had a higher level of stress in the domains of working environment and resources (p < .001) and patient care (p < .001), but lower workload and time (p < .001). Multivariate analyses revealed that college or higher level of education (β = .1, p < .001), exposure to violence in the past 6 months (β = .2, p < .001), longer working experience, and working in psychiatric hospitals were associated with high work-related stress (β = .2, p < .001). Practice Implications: Considering the harmful effects of work-related stress, specific stress management workshops and effective staff supportive initiatives for Chinese nurses are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalPerspectives in Psychiatric Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014



  • Medical ward(s)
  • Nurses
  • Psychiatric hospital
  • Work-related stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

Qi, Y. K., Xiang, Y. T., An, F. R., Wang, J., Zeng, J. Y., Ungvari, G. S., Newhouse, R., Yu, D. S. F., Lai, K. Y. C., Ding, Y. M., Yu, L., Zhang, X. Y., & Chiu, H. F. K. (2014). Nurses' Work-Related Stress in China: A Comparison Between Psychiatric and General Hospitals. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 50(1), 27-32.