Overexpression of human ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2 in cancer cells causes multidrug resistance by effluxing anticancer drugs. ABCG2 is considered as a half transporter and is thought to function as a homodimer. However, recent evidence suggests that it may exist as a higher form of oligomer consisting of 12 summits. In this study, we mapped the oligomerization domain of human ABCG2 to its transmembrane domain consisting of TM5-loop-TM6. This oligomerization domain, when expressed alone in HEK293 cells, also forms a homododecamer. Furthermore, this domain has activity that inhibits drug efflux and resistance function of the full-length ABCG2 likely by disrupting the formation of the homo-oligomeric full-length ABCG2. These findings suggest that human ABCG2 may exist and work as a homo-oligomer by interactions located in TM5-loop-TM6, and that ABCG2 oligomerization may be used as a target for therapeutic development to circumvent ABCG2-mediated drug resistance in cancer treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research