On the nature of proteinuria with acute renal injury in patients with chronic kidney disease

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Albuminuria is an excellent marker of cardiovascular and renal prognosis. Commercially available tests of immunodetectable albumin in the urine may not identify posttranslationally modified albumin that makes it undetectable to antibodies. Also, it is unclear whether albumin is degraded to smaller fragments, such as through proteolysis, in the course of acute renal injury. In 20 men with chronic kidney disease, we measured excretion rates of urinary protein (pyragallol red), immundetectable urinary albumin (immunoturbidimetry), and urinary total intact albumin (HPLC) after a single dose of 100 mg intravenous iron sucrose administered over 5 min. Fragmentation of urinary albumin and carbonylation of urinary proteins were assessed by immunoblotting. Results showed that iron infusion increased carbonylation of plasma and urinary proteins in a time-dependent manner. A transient increase in urinary excretion rates of total protein, immunodetectable urinary albumin, and total intact albumin was seen. Fragmentation and loss of immunoreactivity of albumin paralleled the changes in total protein excretion. In conclusion, fragmentation, loss of immunoreactivity, and oxidation of albumin in a time-dependent manner may underestimate the extent of injury with the immunoreactive microalbumin assay. Measurement of total intact albumin may better quantify acute renal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F265-F271
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number2 57-2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005


  • Albuminuria
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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