Optimal resources for ultrasonic examination of the heart

Gramiak Raymond, Nicholas J. Fortuin, Donald L. King, Richard L. Popp, Harvey Feigenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


The echocardiographic examination is described and the current status of ultrasound in cardiac diagnosis is summarized. Planning guidelines are provided for hospital-based echocardiographic laboratories including resource criteria for professional personnel and training, equipment, space and support systems. Minimal case loads for maintaining quality performance of the examiner are recommended and various administrative patterns for organizing an echocardiographic service are discussed. Approaches for establishing professional fees and emerging applications of diagnostic ultrasound in cardiovascular medicine are briefly reviewed. There is a description of the procedure for conducting an adequate echocardiographic examination in children and adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-903
Number of pages6
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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