Ordered multisite protein phosphorylation: Analysis of glycogen synthase kinase 3 action using model peptide substrates

Carol J. Fiol, Aiqun Wang, Roger W. Roeske, Peter Roach, T. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recognition of substrates by the protein kinase glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) usually requires prior phosphorylation of the substrate. Using a peptide based on the glycogen synthase sequence PRPAS(3a)VPPS (3b)PSLS(3c)RHSS(4)PHQS(5)EDEEEP (where the numbers in parentheses denote sites of phosphorylation), we showed previously that phosphorylation of site 5 by casein kinase II was necessary for GSK-3 to phosphorylate the peptide at sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 (Fiol, C. J., Mahrenholz, A. M., Wang, Y., Roeske, R. W., and Roach, P. J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 14042-14048). In the present study, variant peptides were synthesized in which sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 were individually replaced by Ala residues (denoted Ala-3c, etc.). All of the variant peptides were substrates for casein kinase II. The peptide Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 was not a substrate for GSK-3 confirming the minimal recognition sequence for the protein kinase as -SXXXS (P)-. The peptides Ala-3c,Ser(P)-5, Ala-3b,Ser(P)-5, and Ala-3a,Ser(P)-5, however, were all good substrates for GSK-3 with apparent Km values in the range 3-6 μm, comparable with that of the parent peptide. GSK-3 could introduce 1, 2, and 3 phosphates, respectively, into these substrates, always COOH-terminal to the substituted Ala residue. Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 and Ala3c,Ser(P)-4,Ser(P)-5 were competitive inhibitors for phosphorylation of the parent peptide, with ki, values of 2 and 5 μm, respectively. The data suggest (i) that GSK-3 recognizes serines in the motif -SXXXS(P)-, and (ii) that multiple phosphorylation of the peptide substrate has an obligate order, with the sequential formation of new recognition sequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6061-6065
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
Phosphorylation
Peptides
Substrates
Proteins
Casein Kinase II
Protein Kinases
Glycogen Synthase
Serine
Phosphates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Ordered multisite protein phosphorylation : Analysis of glycogen synthase kinase 3 action using model peptide substrates. / Fiol, Carol J.; Wang, Aiqun; Roeske, Roger W.; Roach, Peter; Hunter, T.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 265, No. 11, 1990, p. 6061-6065.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e4e5dfbc997b4afb97856c9b797f2754,
title = "Ordered multisite protein phosphorylation: Analysis of glycogen synthase kinase 3 action using model peptide substrates",
abstract = "Recognition of substrates by the protein kinase glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) usually requires prior phosphorylation of the substrate. Using a peptide based on the glycogen synthase sequence PRPAS(3a)VPPS (3b)PSLS(3c)RHSS(4)PHQS(5)EDEEEP (where the numbers in parentheses denote sites of phosphorylation), we showed previously that phosphorylation of site 5 by casein kinase II was necessary for GSK-3 to phosphorylate the peptide at sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 (Fiol, C. J., Mahrenholz, A. M., Wang, Y., Roeske, R. W., and Roach, P. J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 14042-14048). In the present study, variant peptides were synthesized in which sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 were individually replaced by Ala residues (denoted Ala-3c, etc.). All of the variant peptides were substrates for casein kinase II. The peptide Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 was not a substrate for GSK-3 confirming the minimal recognition sequence for the protein kinase as -SXXXS (P)-. The peptides Ala-3c,Ser(P)-5, Ala-3b,Ser(P)-5, and Ala-3a,Ser(P)-5, however, were all good substrates for GSK-3 with apparent Km values in the range 3-6 μm, comparable with that of the parent peptide. GSK-3 could introduce 1, 2, and 3 phosphates, respectively, into these substrates, always COOH-terminal to the substituted Ala residue. Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 and Ala3c,Ser(P)-4,Ser(P)-5 were competitive inhibitors for phosphorylation of the parent peptide, with ki, values of 2 and 5 μm, respectively. The data suggest (i) that GSK-3 recognizes serines in the motif -SXXXS(P)-, and (ii) that multiple phosphorylation of the peptide substrate has an obligate order, with the sequential formation of new recognition sequences.",
author = "Fiol, {Carol J.} and Aiqun Wang and Roeske, {Roger W.} and Peter Roach and T. Hunter",
year = "1990",
language = "English",
volume = "265",
pages = "6061--6065",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ordered multisite protein phosphorylation

T2 - Analysis of glycogen synthase kinase 3 action using model peptide substrates

AU - Fiol, Carol J.

AU - Wang, Aiqun

AU - Roeske, Roger W.

AU - Roach, Peter

AU - Hunter, T.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Recognition of substrates by the protein kinase glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) usually requires prior phosphorylation of the substrate. Using a peptide based on the glycogen synthase sequence PRPAS(3a)VPPS (3b)PSLS(3c)RHSS(4)PHQS(5)EDEEEP (where the numbers in parentheses denote sites of phosphorylation), we showed previously that phosphorylation of site 5 by casein kinase II was necessary for GSK-3 to phosphorylate the peptide at sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 (Fiol, C. J., Mahrenholz, A. M., Wang, Y., Roeske, R. W., and Roach, P. J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 14042-14048). In the present study, variant peptides were synthesized in which sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 were individually replaced by Ala residues (denoted Ala-3c, etc.). All of the variant peptides were substrates for casein kinase II. The peptide Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 was not a substrate for GSK-3 confirming the minimal recognition sequence for the protein kinase as -SXXXS (P)-. The peptides Ala-3c,Ser(P)-5, Ala-3b,Ser(P)-5, and Ala-3a,Ser(P)-5, however, were all good substrates for GSK-3 with apparent Km values in the range 3-6 μm, comparable with that of the parent peptide. GSK-3 could introduce 1, 2, and 3 phosphates, respectively, into these substrates, always COOH-terminal to the substituted Ala residue. Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 and Ala3c,Ser(P)-4,Ser(P)-5 were competitive inhibitors for phosphorylation of the parent peptide, with ki, values of 2 and 5 μm, respectively. The data suggest (i) that GSK-3 recognizes serines in the motif -SXXXS(P)-, and (ii) that multiple phosphorylation of the peptide substrate has an obligate order, with the sequential formation of new recognition sequences.

AB - Recognition of substrates by the protein kinase glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) usually requires prior phosphorylation of the substrate. Using a peptide based on the glycogen synthase sequence PRPAS(3a)VPPS (3b)PSLS(3c)RHSS(4)PHQS(5)EDEEEP (where the numbers in parentheses denote sites of phosphorylation), we showed previously that phosphorylation of site 5 by casein kinase II was necessary for GSK-3 to phosphorylate the peptide at sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 (Fiol, C. J., Mahrenholz, A. M., Wang, Y., Roeske, R. W., and Roach, P. J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 14042-14048). In the present study, variant peptides were synthesized in which sites 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4 were individually replaced by Ala residues (denoted Ala-3c, etc.). All of the variant peptides were substrates for casein kinase II. The peptide Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 was not a substrate for GSK-3 confirming the minimal recognition sequence for the protein kinase as -SXXXS (P)-. The peptides Ala-3c,Ser(P)-5, Ala-3b,Ser(P)-5, and Ala-3a,Ser(P)-5, however, were all good substrates for GSK-3 with apparent Km values in the range 3-6 μm, comparable with that of the parent peptide. GSK-3 could introduce 1, 2, and 3 phosphates, respectively, into these substrates, always COOH-terminal to the substituted Ala residue. Ala-4,Ser(P)-5 and Ala3c,Ser(P)-4,Ser(P)-5 were competitive inhibitors for phosphorylation of the parent peptide, with ki, values of 2 and 5 μm, respectively. The data suggest (i) that GSK-3 recognizes serines in the motif -SXXXS(P)-, and (ii) that multiple phosphorylation of the peptide substrate has an obligate order, with the sequential formation of new recognition sequences.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025241896&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025241896&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 2156841

AN - SCOPUS:0025241896

VL - 265

SP - 6061

EP - 6065

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 11

ER -