Osteocyte biology: Its implications for osteoporosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteocyte viability may play a significant role in the maintenance and integrity of bone. Bone loss due to osteoporosis may be due in part to osteocyte cell death. We have identified a factor that will protect both osteoblasts and osteocytes from cell death due to agents known to be responsible for various forms of osteoporosis. Not only does estrogen preserve osteoblast and osteocyte viability, but so does a molecule called CD40Ligand. This molecule is expressed on activated T lymphocytes, human dendritic cells, and human vascular endothelial cells, whereas its receptor CD40 is expressed on normal epithelium, B cells, and dendritic cells. CD40Ligand protects osteoblasts and the MLO-Y4 osteocyte-like cells against apoptosis induced by glucocorticoids, tumor necrosis factor α or etoposide. As tumor necrosis factor a has been shown to be responsible for post-menopausal bone loss and glucocorticoids induce dramatic bone loss, this finding has important implications with regards to potential therapy for both post-menopausal and steroid-induced osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-104
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bone resorption
  • CD40Ligand
  • Osteocyte
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Osteocyte biology: Its implications for osteoporosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this