Overexpression of CCAAT displacement protein represses the promiscuously active proximal gp91(phox) promoter

Diana Catt, Shannon Hawkins, Ann Roman, Wen Luo, David G. Skalnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CCAAT displacement protein (CDP) is a transcriptional repressor that restricts expression of the gp91(phox) gene to mature myeloid cells. CDP interacts with multiple sites within the -450 to +12 bp human gp91(phox) promoter, and down-regulation of CDP DNA-binding activity is required for induction of gp91(phox) transcription in mature phagocytes. Truncation of the gp91(phox) promoter to -102 to + 12 bp removes 4 CDP-binding sites and reveals a promiscuous promoter activity that is active in some nonphagocytic cells. A cis-element at -90 bp is required for derepressed transcription and serves as a binding site for multiple transcriptional activators. We now report that this element also serves as a binding site for CDR. The affinity of CDP for this element is relatively weak compared with upstream CDP-binding sites within the promoter, consistent with the promiscuous transcriptional activity exhibited by the -102 to +12 bp gp91(phox) promoter fragment'. Further analysis of the proximal promoter reveals an additional weak-affinity CDP-binding site centered at approximately -20 bp. Overexpression of cloned CDP represses the -102 to +12 bp gp91(phox) promoter, indicating that these proximal CDP-binding sites are functionally significant. The constellation of transcriptional activators and a repressor that interacts with the -90 bp cis-element is identical to that observed for a promoter element at -220 bp, reflecting the highly modular organization of the gp91(phox) promoter. These studies illustrate the complex interplay between transcriptional activators and a repressor that contribute to the myeloid-restricted expression of the gp91(phox) gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3151-3160
Number of pages10
JournalBlood
Volume94
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

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Binding Sites
Protein Binding
Proteins
Transcription
Genes
4-ethoxymethylene-2-phenyl-2-oxazoline-5-one
DNA-Binding Proteins
Myeloid Cells
Phagocytes
Down-Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Overexpression of CCAAT displacement protein represses the promiscuously active proximal gp91(phox) promoter. / Catt, Diana; Hawkins, Shannon; Roman, Ann; Luo, Wen; Skalnik, David G.

In: Blood, Vol. 94, No. 9, 01.11.1999, p. 3151-3160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Catt, Diana ; Hawkins, Shannon ; Roman, Ann ; Luo, Wen ; Skalnik, David G. / Overexpression of CCAAT displacement protein represses the promiscuously active proximal gp91(phox) promoter. In: Blood. 1999 ; Vol. 94, No. 9. pp. 3151-3160.
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abstract = "CCAAT displacement protein (CDP) is a transcriptional repressor that restricts expression of the gp91(phox) gene to mature myeloid cells. CDP interacts with multiple sites within the -450 to +12 bp human gp91(phox) promoter, and down-regulation of CDP DNA-binding activity is required for induction of gp91(phox) transcription in mature phagocytes. Truncation of the gp91(phox) promoter to -102 to + 12 bp removes 4 CDP-binding sites and reveals a promiscuous promoter activity that is active in some nonphagocytic cells. A cis-element at -90 bp is required for derepressed transcription and serves as a binding site for multiple transcriptional activators. We now report that this element also serves as a binding site for CDR. The affinity of CDP for this element is relatively weak compared with upstream CDP-binding sites within the promoter, consistent with the promiscuous transcriptional activity exhibited by the -102 to +12 bp gp91(phox) promoter fragment'. Further analysis of the proximal promoter reveals an additional weak-affinity CDP-binding site centered at approximately -20 bp. Overexpression of cloned CDP represses the -102 to +12 bp gp91(phox) promoter, indicating that these proximal CDP-binding sites are functionally significant. The constellation of transcriptional activators and a repressor that interacts with the -90 bp cis-element is identical to that observed for a promoter element at -220 bp, reflecting the highly modular organization of the gp91(phox) promoter. These studies illustrate the complex interplay between transcriptional activators and a repressor that contribute to the myeloid-restricted expression of the gp91(phox) gene.",
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