Overexpression of dominant negative retinoic acid receptor α causes alveolar abnormality in transgenic neonatal lungs

Li Yang, Angela Naltner, Cong Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess retinoic acid receptor (RAR) function in alveolarization and respiratory epithelial cell differentiation/proliferation, doxycycline (Dox)-regulatable double-transgenic mouse lines were established, in which the dominant negative RARα was overexpressed under the control of the human surfactant protein-C 3.7-kb promoter or the rat Clara cell secretory protein 2.3-kb promoter. Overexpression of dominant negative RARα was induced by Dox in neonatal lungs from d 1-21 after birth, a critical period for alveolar maturation. This led to substantial alveolar abnormality with increased air space, larger but fewer alveoli, and the diminished alveolar surface area. In these animals, numbers of alveolar epithelial cells were significantly reduced upon Dox treatment. Expression of an RAR downstream target surfactant protein B gene, which is critical for maintaining the surfactant structure, was inhibited upon Dox treatment in alveolar type II epithelial cells. This finding supports a concept that endocrine molecule retinoic acid, and its receptor RARs play a critical role in alveolarization during the neonatal period of the lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3004-3011
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume144
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Retinoic Acid Receptors
Doxycycline
Lung
Surface-Active Agents
Alveolar Epithelial Cells
Uteroglobin
Protein C
Transgenic Mice
Cell Differentiation
Epithelial Cells
Air
Cell Proliferation
Parturition
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Overexpression of dominant negative retinoic acid receptor α causes alveolar abnormality in transgenic neonatal lungs. / Yang, Li; Naltner, Angela; Yan, Cong.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 144, No. 7, 01.07.2003, p. 3004-3011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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