Pain disability among older adults with arthritis

Nadine T. James, Carl W. Miller, Kathleen C. Brown, Michael Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The principal objective was to examine pain disability (the degree to which chronic pain interferes with daily activities) among older adults with arthritis. Specifically, answers to two research questions were sought: (a) Does psychological distress reliably predict pain disability; and (b) do certain theoretically important host, sociodemographic, and health-related factors reliably predict pain disability? Method: Descriptive, univariate, and multivariate regression analyses were employed to assess key psychosocial, disease, and host factors among the sample (N= 141) of adults with arthritis, aged ≥ 50 years old. Results: The resultant regression model accounted for 63.7% (60.0% adjusted) of the variance and was significant at p < .01. Psychological distress, overall health, disease activity, and disease self-efficacy were found to predict pain disability. Discussion: Sample members with greater pain disability experienced heightened psychological distress, poorer perceptions of their overall health, more surgeries, higher unemployment, more intense disease activity, longer disease duration, and lower disease self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-69
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Disease activity
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pain disability
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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    James, N. T., Miller, C. W., Brown, K. C., & Weaver, M. (2005). Pain disability among older adults with arthritis. Journal of Aging and Health, 17(1), 56-69. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264304272783