Parathyroid hormone (1-34)-mediated interleukin-6 induction

J. E. Onyia, T. A. Libermann, Joseph Bidwell, D. Arnold, Y. Tu, P. McClelland, J. M. Hock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) functions in part by regulating osteoblast cytokine expression. We recently demonstrated that PTH induced a rapid and transient increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression in rat bones in vivo. To determine the molecular basis of this effect, we analyzed the human IL-6 promoter fused (-1,179 to +9) with the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene in stable transfections into human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells. We compared the effects of PTH on IL-6 expression with adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, PKC activator phorbol 12- myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, interleukin-1α (IL- 1α), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE-2), RS-66271 (a parathyroid hormone-related peptide analog), and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Analyses of cell clones showed that IL-6 promoter expression was extremely low in the unstimulated state. Exposure to PTH (0.001-100 nM) for 12 h stimulated CAT expression in a dose-dependent manner (200-500% of control). Treatment with IL-lα was more potent than PTH in inducing transcription of the IL-6 promoter (900-1,000%). Activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway by treatment with forskolin induced a comparable level of induction with PTH. Together, the effects of PTH and forskolin were additive. RS-66271, previously shown to have PTH-like effects, induced a comparable level of IL-6 promoter expression. When examined together, PTH + RS-66271 effects were comparable to PTH effects alone. Exposure to PGE-2, PMA, PDGF-BB, or A23187 for 12 h did not significantly alter IL-6 promoter expression. These results demonstrate PTH, forskolin, the PTHrP analog RS-66271, and IL-1α stimulate IL-6 expression by stimulating gene transcription. The response to forskolin suggests that the messenger system mediated by PKA is sufficient to induce IL-6 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1997

Fingerprint

Parathyroid Hormone
Interleukin-6
Colforsin
Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
Osteoblasts
Calcimycin
Transcription
Prostaglandins E
Interleukin-1
Acetates
Clone cells
Genes
Calcium Ionophores
Osteosarcoma
Reporter Genes
Adenylyl Cyclases
Transfection
Rats
Bone

Keywords

  • CAT expression
  • hPTH 1-34
  • IL-6 promoter
  • In vitro
  • Osteoblast
  • Transfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Parathyroid hormone (1-34)-mediated interleukin-6 induction. / Onyia, J. E.; Libermann, T. A.; Bidwell, Joseph; Arnold, D.; Tu, Y.; McClelland, P.; Hock, J. M.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 67, No. 2, 01.11.1997, p. 265-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Onyia, J. E. ; Libermann, T. A. ; Bidwell, Joseph ; Arnold, D. ; Tu, Y. ; McClelland, P. ; Hock, J. M. / Parathyroid hormone (1-34)-mediated interleukin-6 induction. In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. 1997 ; Vol. 67, No. 2. pp. 265-274.
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abstract = "Parathyroid hormone (PTH) functions in part by regulating osteoblast cytokine expression. We recently demonstrated that PTH induced a rapid and transient increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression in rat bones in vivo. To determine the molecular basis of this effect, we analyzed the human IL-6 promoter fused (-1,179 to +9) with the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene in stable transfections into human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells. We compared the effects of PTH on IL-6 expression with adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, PKC activator phorbol 12- myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, interleukin-1α (IL- 1α), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE-2), RS-66271 (a parathyroid hormone-related peptide analog), and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Analyses of cell clones showed that IL-6 promoter expression was extremely low in the unstimulated state. Exposure to PTH (0.001-100 nM) for 12 h stimulated CAT expression in a dose-dependent manner (200-500{\%} of control). Treatment with IL-lα was more potent than PTH in inducing transcription of the IL-6 promoter (900-1,000{\%}). Activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway by treatment with forskolin induced a comparable level of induction with PTH. Together, the effects of PTH and forskolin were additive. RS-66271, previously shown to have PTH-like effects, induced a comparable level of IL-6 promoter expression. When examined together, PTH + RS-66271 effects were comparable to PTH effects alone. Exposure to PGE-2, PMA, PDGF-BB, or A23187 for 12 h did not significantly alter IL-6 promoter expression. These results demonstrate PTH, forskolin, the PTHrP analog RS-66271, and IL-1α stimulate IL-6 expression by stimulating gene transcription. The response to forskolin suggests that the messenger system mediated by PKA is sufficient to induce IL-6 expression.",
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N2 - Parathyroid hormone (PTH) functions in part by regulating osteoblast cytokine expression. We recently demonstrated that PTH induced a rapid and transient increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression in rat bones in vivo. To determine the molecular basis of this effect, we analyzed the human IL-6 promoter fused (-1,179 to +9) with the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene in stable transfections into human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells. We compared the effects of PTH on IL-6 expression with adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, PKC activator phorbol 12- myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, interleukin-1α (IL- 1α), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE-2), RS-66271 (a parathyroid hormone-related peptide analog), and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Analyses of cell clones showed that IL-6 promoter expression was extremely low in the unstimulated state. Exposure to PTH (0.001-100 nM) for 12 h stimulated CAT expression in a dose-dependent manner (200-500% of control). Treatment with IL-lα was more potent than PTH in inducing transcription of the IL-6 promoter (900-1,000%). Activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway by treatment with forskolin induced a comparable level of induction with PTH. Together, the effects of PTH and forskolin were additive. RS-66271, previously shown to have PTH-like effects, induced a comparable level of IL-6 promoter expression. When examined together, PTH + RS-66271 effects were comparable to PTH effects alone. Exposure to PGE-2, PMA, PDGF-BB, or A23187 for 12 h did not significantly alter IL-6 promoter expression. These results demonstrate PTH, forskolin, the PTHrP analog RS-66271, and IL-1α stimulate IL-6 expression by stimulating gene transcription. The response to forskolin suggests that the messenger system mediated by PKA is sufficient to induce IL-6 expression.

AB - Parathyroid hormone (PTH) functions in part by regulating osteoblast cytokine expression. We recently demonstrated that PTH induced a rapid and transient increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression in rat bones in vivo. To determine the molecular basis of this effect, we analyzed the human IL-6 promoter fused (-1,179 to +9) with the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene in stable transfections into human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells. We compared the effects of PTH on IL-6 expression with adenylate cyclase activator forskolin, PKC activator phorbol 12- myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, interleukin-1α (IL- 1α), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE-2), RS-66271 (a parathyroid hormone-related peptide analog), and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Analyses of cell clones showed that IL-6 promoter expression was extremely low in the unstimulated state. Exposure to PTH (0.001-100 nM) for 12 h stimulated CAT expression in a dose-dependent manner (200-500% of control). Treatment with IL-lα was more potent than PTH in inducing transcription of the IL-6 promoter (900-1,000%). Activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway by treatment with forskolin induced a comparable level of induction with PTH. Together, the effects of PTH and forskolin were additive. RS-66271, previously shown to have PTH-like effects, induced a comparable level of IL-6 promoter expression. When examined together, PTH + RS-66271 effects were comparable to PTH effects alone. Exposure to PGE-2, PMA, PDGF-BB, or A23187 for 12 h did not significantly alter IL-6 promoter expression. These results demonstrate PTH, forskolin, the PTHrP analog RS-66271, and IL-1α stimulate IL-6 expression by stimulating gene transcription. The response to forskolin suggests that the messenger system mediated by PKA is sufficient to induce IL-6 expression.

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