Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-induced intracellular Ca2+ signalling in naive and PTH-desensitized osteoblast-like cells (ROS 17/2.8): Pharmacological characterization and evidence for synchronous oscillation of intracellular Ca2+

Joseph Bidwell, W. Bradford Carter, Michael J. Fryer, Hunter Heath

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Abstract

We showed recently that the initial peak cytosolic ionized calcium ([Ca2+]i) response to PTH (2-min exposure) is preserved relative to the cAMP response in osteoblast-like rat oeteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8) desensitized by 72-h exposure to PTH. We attempted in the present studies to determine the mechanisms for preservation of the [Ca2+]i response and to explore the effects of longer PTH rechallenges. The [Ca2+]i response to a 20-min perifusion with rat PTH [rPTH-(1-34)] was monitored by aequorin luminescence in both naive and PTH-desensitized ROS 17/2.8 cells. The responses of both naive and desensitized cells consisted of two phases: an initial peak, followed by an intermediate plateau that was sustained in the presence of PTH. We observed in the naive cell populations synchronous oscillations in [Ca2+]i concentration during this second phase (amplitude, 10-60 nM; frequency, 1-3/100 sec). These oscillations were maintained through extracellular cal-cium (EC Ca2+) entry; the initial peak was the result of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. In desensitized cells, these two phases could not be clearly separated with respect to Ca2+ source, but, as we showed before, exhibited an enhanced dependence on EC Ca2+ entry for the response to PTH. Nevertheless, in the desensitized cells, the sustained [Ca2+]i response was diminished in magnitude and showed little oscillatory behavior. Brief exposure to neomycin sulfate, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide turnover, attenuated the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i rise in both naive and desensitized cells. Protein kinase-C activity did not appear to be required for either phase of the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i response. Exposure to cholera toxin attenuated the [Ca2+]i response to hormone in both naive and desensitized cells, more markedly in the latter. Cholera toxin treatment dramatically increased basal cAMP levels in both cell preparations; PTH-stimulated cAMP production was unchanged in naive cells, but increased nearly 4-fold in desensitized cells. We propose that the preserved PTH-induced peak [Ca2+]i rise in desensitized cells results primarily from the diminished regulation of EC Ca2+ entry by the cAMP response limb. The attenuated sustained oscillatory behavior observed in desensitized cells upon rechallenge with hormone may be the result of reduced phosphoinositide turnover and reduced Ca2+-stimulated Ca2+ release. Thus, the [Ca2+]i response to PTH in osteoblast-like cells is complex and modulable and seems to provide a number of ways to regulate intracellular metabolism under various conditions. We speculate that this plasticity of the [Ca2+]i response to PTH is related to the pleiotropic actions of the hormone on cells of the osteoblast lineage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2993-3000
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume129
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Parathyroid Hormone
Osteoblasts
Pharmacology
Cholera Toxin
Hormones
Phosphatidylinositols
Aequorin
Neomycin
Cell Lineage
Luminescence
Protein Kinase C
Extremities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{04f9ff4537a7455da54d1228669f14e9,
title = "Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-induced intracellular Ca2+ signalling in naive and PTH-desensitized osteoblast-like cells (ROS 17/2.8): Pharmacological characterization and evidence for synchronous oscillation of intracellular Ca2+",
abstract = "We showed recently that the initial peak cytosolic ionized calcium ([Ca2+]i) response to PTH (2-min exposure) is preserved relative to the cAMP response in osteoblast-like rat oeteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8) desensitized by 72-h exposure to PTH. We attempted in the present studies to determine the mechanisms for preservation of the [Ca2+]i response and to explore the effects of longer PTH rechallenges. The [Ca2+]i response to a 20-min perifusion with rat PTH [rPTH-(1-34)] was monitored by aequorin luminescence in both naive and PTH-desensitized ROS 17/2.8 cells. The responses of both naive and desensitized cells consisted of two phases: an initial peak, followed by an intermediate plateau that was sustained in the presence of PTH. We observed in the naive cell populations synchronous oscillations in [Ca2+]i concentration during this second phase (amplitude, 10-60 nM; frequency, 1-3/100 sec). These oscillations were maintained through extracellular cal-cium (EC Ca2+) entry; the initial peak was the result of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. In desensitized cells, these two phases could not be clearly separated with respect to Ca2+ source, but, as we showed before, exhibited an enhanced dependence on EC Ca2+ entry for the response to PTH. Nevertheless, in the desensitized cells, the sustained [Ca2+]i response was diminished in magnitude and showed little oscillatory behavior. Brief exposure to neomycin sulfate, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide turnover, attenuated the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i rise in both naive and desensitized cells. Protein kinase-C activity did not appear to be required for either phase of the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i response. Exposure to cholera toxin attenuated the [Ca2+]i response to hormone in both naive and desensitized cells, more markedly in the latter. Cholera toxin treatment dramatically increased basal cAMP levels in both cell preparations; PTH-stimulated cAMP production was unchanged in naive cells, but increased nearly 4-fold in desensitized cells. We propose that the preserved PTH-induced peak [Ca2+]i rise in desensitized cells results primarily from the diminished regulation of EC Ca2+ entry by the cAMP response limb. The attenuated sustained oscillatory behavior observed in desensitized cells upon rechallenge with hormone may be the result of reduced phosphoinositide turnover and reduced Ca2+-stimulated Ca2+ release. Thus, the [Ca2+]i response to PTH in osteoblast-like cells is complex and modulable and seems to provide a number of ways to regulate intracellular metabolism under various conditions. We speculate that this plasticity of the [Ca2+]i response to PTH is related to the pleiotropic actions of the hormone on cells of the osteoblast lineage.",
author = "Joseph Bidwell and Carter, {W. Bradford} and Fryer, {Michael J.} and Hunter Heath",
year = "1991",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "129",
pages = "2993--3000",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "6",

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T1 - Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-induced intracellular Ca2+ signalling in naive and PTH-desensitized osteoblast-like cells (ROS 17/2.8)

T2 - Pharmacological characterization and evidence for synchronous oscillation of intracellular Ca2+

AU - Bidwell, Joseph

AU - Carter, W. Bradford

AU - Fryer, Michael J.

AU - Heath, Hunter

PY - 1991/12

Y1 - 1991/12

N2 - We showed recently that the initial peak cytosolic ionized calcium ([Ca2+]i) response to PTH (2-min exposure) is preserved relative to the cAMP response in osteoblast-like rat oeteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8) desensitized by 72-h exposure to PTH. We attempted in the present studies to determine the mechanisms for preservation of the [Ca2+]i response and to explore the effects of longer PTH rechallenges. The [Ca2+]i response to a 20-min perifusion with rat PTH [rPTH-(1-34)] was monitored by aequorin luminescence in both naive and PTH-desensitized ROS 17/2.8 cells. The responses of both naive and desensitized cells consisted of two phases: an initial peak, followed by an intermediate plateau that was sustained in the presence of PTH. We observed in the naive cell populations synchronous oscillations in [Ca2+]i concentration during this second phase (amplitude, 10-60 nM; frequency, 1-3/100 sec). These oscillations were maintained through extracellular cal-cium (EC Ca2+) entry; the initial peak was the result of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. In desensitized cells, these two phases could not be clearly separated with respect to Ca2+ source, but, as we showed before, exhibited an enhanced dependence on EC Ca2+ entry for the response to PTH. Nevertheless, in the desensitized cells, the sustained [Ca2+]i response was diminished in magnitude and showed little oscillatory behavior. Brief exposure to neomycin sulfate, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide turnover, attenuated the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i rise in both naive and desensitized cells. Protein kinase-C activity did not appear to be required for either phase of the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i response. Exposure to cholera toxin attenuated the [Ca2+]i response to hormone in both naive and desensitized cells, more markedly in the latter. Cholera toxin treatment dramatically increased basal cAMP levels in both cell preparations; PTH-stimulated cAMP production was unchanged in naive cells, but increased nearly 4-fold in desensitized cells. We propose that the preserved PTH-induced peak [Ca2+]i rise in desensitized cells results primarily from the diminished regulation of EC Ca2+ entry by the cAMP response limb. The attenuated sustained oscillatory behavior observed in desensitized cells upon rechallenge with hormone may be the result of reduced phosphoinositide turnover and reduced Ca2+-stimulated Ca2+ release. Thus, the [Ca2+]i response to PTH in osteoblast-like cells is complex and modulable and seems to provide a number of ways to regulate intracellular metabolism under various conditions. We speculate that this plasticity of the [Ca2+]i response to PTH is related to the pleiotropic actions of the hormone on cells of the osteoblast lineage.

AB - We showed recently that the initial peak cytosolic ionized calcium ([Ca2+]i) response to PTH (2-min exposure) is preserved relative to the cAMP response in osteoblast-like rat oeteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8) desensitized by 72-h exposure to PTH. We attempted in the present studies to determine the mechanisms for preservation of the [Ca2+]i response and to explore the effects of longer PTH rechallenges. The [Ca2+]i response to a 20-min perifusion with rat PTH [rPTH-(1-34)] was monitored by aequorin luminescence in both naive and PTH-desensitized ROS 17/2.8 cells. The responses of both naive and desensitized cells consisted of two phases: an initial peak, followed by an intermediate plateau that was sustained in the presence of PTH. We observed in the naive cell populations synchronous oscillations in [Ca2+]i concentration during this second phase (amplitude, 10-60 nM; frequency, 1-3/100 sec). These oscillations were maintained through extracellular cal-cium (EC Ca2+) entry; the initial peak was the result of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. In desensitized cells, these two phases could not be clearly separated with respect to Ca2+ source, but, as we showed before, exhibited an enhanced dependence on EC Ca2+ entry for the response to PTH. Nevertheless, in the desensitized cells, the sustained [Ca2+]i response was diminished in magnitude and showed little oscillatory behavior. Brief exposure to neomycin sulfate, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide turnover, attenuated the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i rise in both naive and desensitized cells. Protein kinase-C activity did not appear to be required for either phase of the PTH-induced [Ca2+]i response. Exposure to cholera toxin attenuated the [Ca2+]i response to hormone in both naive and desensitized cells, more markedly in the latter. Cholera toxin treatment dramatically increased basal cAMP levels in both cell preparations; PTH-stimulated cAMP production was unchanged in naive cells, but increased nearly 4-fold in desensitized cells. We propose that the preserved PTH-induced peak [Ca2+]i rise in desensitized cells results primarily from the diminished regulation of EC Ca2+ entry by the cAMP response limb. The attenuated sustained oscillatory behavior observed in desensitized cells upon rechallenge with hormone may be the result of reduced phosphoinositide turnover and reduced Ca2+-stimulated Ca2+ release. Thus, the [Ca2+]i response to PTH in osteoblast-like cells is complex and modulable and seems to provide a number of ways to regulate intracellular metabolism under various conditions. We speculate that this plasticity of the [Ca2+]i response to PTH is related to the pleiotropic actions of the hormone on cells of the osteoblast lineage.

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