Parathyroid hormone regulates the expression of the nuclear mitotic apparatus protein in the osteoblast-like cells, ROS 17/2.8

K. Torrungruang, H. Feister, D. Swartz, E. B. Hancock, J. Hock, J. P. Bidwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The parathyroid hormone (PTH) signaling pathways that effect changes in osteoblast gene expression also alter the organization of the cytoskeletal proteins. PTH regulates the expression of nucleoskeletal proteins, such as nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA) and topoisomerase II-α. NuMA is a structural component of the interphase nucleus and organizes the microtubules of the mitotic spindle during mitogenesis. We propose that PTH-induced alterations in osteoblast cytoarchitecture are accompanied by changes in osteoblast nuclear structure that contribute to changes in gene expression. We used immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy to determine the effect of PTH on the expression and nuclear distribution of NuMA in the rat osteosarcoma cell line, ROS 17/2.8. Cells were treated with PTH or vehicle, then fixed and stained with NuMA antibody. Optical sections of interphase naive cells revealed a diffuse distribution of NuMA, interspersed with speckles, in the central nuclear planes but not in nucleoli. During the metaphase and anaphase, NuMA localized at the mitotic spindle apparatus. The percentage of NuMA-immunopositive ROS 17/2.8 cells decreased with increasing confluence, but serum starvation did not attenuate NuMA expression. Cell density-dependent changes in cytoskeletal organization were observed in these cells. PTH treatment induced changes in cytoskeletal organization and increased the percentage of NuMA-immunopositive ROS 17/2.8 cells. These data suggest that PTH effects changes in osteoblast nuclear architecture by regulating NuMA, and that these alterations may he coupled to cytoskeletal organization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalBone
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1998

Keywords

  • Confocal microscopy
  • Nuclear matrix
  • Nuclear mitotic apparatus protein
  • Osteoblast-like cells
  • Parathyroid hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology

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